Parent Prevention Communication Profiles and Adolescent Substance Use: A Latent Profile Analysis and Growth Curve Model

Hye Jeong Choi, Michelle Miller-Day, YoungJu Shin, Michael L. Hecht, Jonathan Pettigrew, Janice L. Krieger, Jeong Kyu Lee, John W. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

This current study identifies distinct parent prevention communication profiles and examines whether youth with different parental communication profiles have varying substance use trajectories over time. Eleven schools in two rural school districts in the Midwestern United States were selected, and 784 students were surveyed at three time points from the beginning of 7th grade to the end of 8th grade. A series of latent profile analyses were performed to identify discrete profiles/subgroups of substance-specific prevention communication (SSPC). The results revealed a 4-profile model of SSPC: Active-Open, Passive-Open, Active-Silent, and Passive-Silent. A growth curve model revealed different rates of lifetime substance use depending on the youth’s SSPC profile. These findings have implications for parenting interventions and tailoring messages for parents to fit specific SSPC profiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-32
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Family Communication
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Communication

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