Parametrizing Epoch of Reionization foregrounds: A deep survey of low-frequency point-source spectra with the Murchison Widefield Array

A. R. Offringa, C. M. Trott, N. Hurley-Walker, M. Johnston-Hollitt, B. McKinley, N. Barry, A. P. Beardsley, Judd Bowman, F. Briggs, P. Carroll, J. S. Dillon, A. Ewall-Wice, L. Feng, B. M. Gaensler, L. J. Greenhill, B. J. Hazelton, J. N. Hewitt, Daniel Jacobs, H. S. Kim, P. KittiwisitE. Lenc, J. Line, A. Loeb, D. A. Mitchell, M. F. Morales, A. R. Neben, S. Paul, B. Pindor, J. C. Pober, P. Procopio, J. Procopio, S. K. Sethi, N. U. Shankar, R. Subrahmanyan, I. S. Sullivan, M. Tegmark, N. Thyagarajan, S. J. Tingay, R. B. Wayth, R. L. Webster, J. S B Wyithe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments that pursue detection of signals from the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) are relying on spectral smoothness of source spectra at low frequencies. This article empirically explores the effect of foreground spectra on EoR experiments by measuring high-resolution full-polarization spectra for the 586 brightest unresolved sources in one of the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) EoR fields using 45 h of observation. A novel peeling scheme is used to subtract 2500 sources from the visibilities with ionospheric and beam corrections, resulting in the deepest, confusion-limited MWA image so far. The resulting spectra are found to be affected by instrumental effects, which limit the constraints that can be set on source-intrinsic spectral structure. The sensitivity and power-spectrum of the spectra are analysed, and it is found that the spectra of residuals are dominated by point spread function sidelobes from nearby undeconvolved sources. We release a catalogue describing the spectral parameters for each measured source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1057-1070
Number of pages14
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume458
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 22 2016

Fingerprint

point sources
point source
time measurement
low frequencies
peeling
sidelobes
confusion
point spread functions
visibility
ionospherics
catalogs
power spectra
polarization
experiment
sensitivity
high resolution

Keywords

  • Dark ages, reionization, first stars
  • Methods: observational
  • radio continuum: general
  • Radio lines: galaxies
  • Techniques: interferometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Offringa, A. R., Trott, C. M., Hurley-Walker, N., Johnston-Hollitt, M., McKinley, B., Barry, N., ... Wyithe, J. S. B. (2016). Parametrizing Epoch of Reionization foregrounds: A deep survey of low-frequency point-source spectra with the Murchison Widefield Array. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 458(1), 1057-1070. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw310

Parametrizing Epoch of Reionization foregrounds : A deep survey of low-frequency point-source spectra with the Murchison Widefield Array. / Offringa, A. R.; Trott, C. M.; Hurley-Walker, N.; Johnston-Hollitt, M.; McKinley, B.; Barry, N.; Beardsley, A. P.; Bowman, Judd; Briggs, F.; Carroll, P.; Dillon, J. S.; Ewall-Wice, A.; Feng, L.; Gaensler, B. M.; Greenhill, L. J.; Hazelton, B. J.; Hewitt, J. N.; Jacobs, Daniel; Kim, H. S.; Kittiwisit, P.; Lenc, E.; Line, J.; Loeb, A.; Mitchell, D. A.; Morales, M. F.; Neben, A. R.; Paul, S.; Pindor, B.; Pober, J. C.; Procopio, P.; Procopio, J.; Sethi, S. K.; Shankar, N. U.; Subrahmanyan, R.; Sullivan, I. S.; Tegmark, M.; Thyagarajan, N.; Tingay, S. J.; Wayth, R. B.; Webster, R. L.; Wyithe, J. S B.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 458, No. 1, 22.02.2016, p. 1057-1070.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Offringa, AR, Trott, CM, Hurley-Walker, N, Johnston-Hollitt, M, McKinley, B, Barry, N, Beardsley, AP, Bowman, J, Briggs, F, Carroll, P, Dillon, JS, Ewall-Wice, A, Feng, L, Gaensler, BM, Greenhill, LJ, Hazelton, BJ, Hewitt, JN, Jacobs, D, Kim, HS, Kittiwisit, P, Lenc, E, Line, J, Loeb, A, Mitchell, DA, Morales, MF, Neben, AR, Paul, S, Pindor, B, Pober, JC, Procopio, P, Procopio, J, Sethi, SK, Shankar, NU, Subrahmanyan, R, Sullivan, IS, Tegmark, M, Thyagarajan, N, Tingay, SJ, Wayth, RB, Webster, RL & Wyithe, JSB 2016, 'Parametrizing Epoch of Reionization foregrounds: A deep survey of low-frequency point-source spectra with the Murchison Widefield Array', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 458, no. 1, pp. 1057-1070. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw310
Offringa, A. R. ; Trott, C. M. ; Hurley-Walker, N. ; Johnston-Hollitt, M. ; McKinley, B. ; Barry, N. ; Beardsley, A. P. ; Bowman, Judd ; Briggs, F. ; Carroll, P. ; Dillon, J. S. ; Ewall-Wice, A. ; Feng, L. ; Gaensler, B. M. ; Greenhill, L. J. ; Hazelton, B. J. ; Hewitt, J. N. ; Jacobs, Daniel ; Kim, H. S. ; Kittiwisit, P. ; Lenc, E. ; Line, J. ; Loeb, A. ; Mitchell, D. A. ; Morales, M. F. ; Neben, A. R. ; Paul, S. ; Pindor, B. ; Pober, J. C. ; Procopio, P. ; Procopio, J. ; Sethi, S. K. ; Shankar, N. U. ; Subrahmanyan, R. ; Sullivan, I. S. ; Tegmark, M. ; Thyagarajan, N. ; Tingay, S. J. ; Wayth, R. B. ; Webster, R. L. ; Wyithe, J. S B. / Parametrizing Epoch of Reionization foregrounds : A deep survey of low-frequency point-source spectra with the Murchison Widefield Array. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 458, No. 1. pp. 1057-1070.
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abstract = "Experiments that pursue detection of signals from the Epoch of Reionization (EoR) are relying on spectral smoothness of source spectra at low frequencies. This article empirically explores the effect of foreground spectra on EoR experiments by measuring high-resolution full-polarization spectra for the 586 brightest unresolved sources in one of the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) EoR fields using 45 h of observation. A novel peeling scheme is used to subtract 2500 sources from the visibilities with ionospheric and beam corrections, resulting in the deepest, confusion-limited MWA image so far. The resulting spectra are found to be affected by instrumental effects, which limit the constraints that can be set on source-intrinsic spectral structure. The sensitivity and power-spectrum of the spectra are analysed, and it is found that the spectra of residuals are dominated by point spread function sidelobes from nearby undeconvolved sources. We release a catalogue describing the spectral parameters for each measured source.",
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AU - Offringa, A. R.

AU - Trott, C. M.

AU - Hurley-Walker, N.

AU - Johnston-Hollitt, M.

AU - McKinley, B.

AU - Barry, N.

AU - Beardsley, A. P.

AU - Bowman, Judd

AU - Briggs, F.

AU - Carroll, P.

AU - Dillon, J. S.

AU - Ewall-Wice, A.

AU - Feng, L.

AU - Gaensler, B. M.

AU - Greenhill, L. J.

AU - Hazelton, B. J.

AU - Hewitt, J. N.

AU - Jacobs, Daniel

AU - Kim, H. S.

AU - Kittiwisit, P.

AU - Lenc, E.

AU - Line, J.

AU - Loeb, A.

AU - Mitchell, D. A.

AU - Morales, M. F.

AU - Neben, A. R.

AU - Paul, S.

AU - Pindor, B.

AU - Pober, J. C.

AU - Procopio, P.

AU - Procopio, J.

AU - Sethi, S. K.

AU - Shankar, N. U.

AU - Subrahmanyan, R.

AU - Sullivan, I. S.

AU - Tegmark, M.

AU - Thyagarajan, N.

AU - Tingay, S. J.

AU - Wayth, R. B.

AU - Webster, R. L.

AU - Wyithe, J. S B

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KW - Radio lines: galaxies

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