PAPER-64 CONSTRAINTS on REIONIZATION: The 21 cm POWER SPECTRUM at z = 8.4

Zaki S. Ali, Aaron R. Parsons, Haoxuan Zheng, Jonathan C. Pober, Adrian Liu, James E. Aguirre, Richard F. Bradley, Gianni Bernardi, Chris L. Carilli, Carina Cheng, David R. Deboer, Matthew R. Dexter, Jasper Grobbelaar, Jasper Horrell, Daniel Jacobs, Pat Klima, David H.E. Macmahon, Matthys Maree, David F. Moore, Nima RazaviIrina I. Stefan, William P. Walbrugh, Andre Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

158 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, we report new limits on 21 cm emission from cosmic reionization based on a 135 day observing campaign with a 64-element deployment of the Donald C. Backer Precision Array for Probing the Epoch of Reionization in South Africa. This work extends the work presented in Parsons et al. with more collecting area, a longer observing period, improved redundancy-based calibration, improved fringe-rate filtering, and updated power-spectral analysis using optimal quadratic estimators. The result is a new 2σ upper limit on Δ2(k) of (22.4 mK)2 in the range < k < 0.5h Mpc-1 at z = 8.4. This represents a three-fold improvement over the previous best upper limit. As we discuss in more depth in a forthcoming paper, this upper limit supports and extends previous evidence against extremely cold reionization scenarios. We conclude with a discussion of implications for future 21 cm reionization experiments, including the newly funded Hydrogen Epoch of Reionization Array.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number61
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume809
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 10 2015

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Keywords

  • cosmology: observations
  • dark ages, reionization, first stars
  • early universe
  • instrumentation: interferometers
  • intergalactic medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Ali, Z. S., Parsons, A. R., Zheng, H., Pober, J. C., Liu, A., Aguirre, J. E., Bradley, R. F., Bernardi, G., Carilli, C. L., Cheng, C., Deboer, D. R., Dexter, M. R., Grobbelaar, J., Horrell, J., Jacobs, D., Klima, P., Macmahon, D. H. E., Maree, M., Moore, D. F., ... Walker, A. (2015). PAPER-64 CONSTRAINTS on REIONIZATION: The 21 cm POWER SPECTRUM at z = 8.4. Astrophysical Journal, 809(1), [61]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/809/1/61