Paleotemperatures in the southwestern United States derived from noble gases in ground water

M. Stute, Peter Schlosser, J. F. Clark, W. S. Broecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

165 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A paleotemperature record based on measurements of atmospheric noble gases dissolved in ground water of the Carrizo aquifer (Texas) shows that the annual mean temperature in the southwestern United States during the last glacial maximum was about 5°C lower than the present-day value. In combination with evidence for fluctuations in mountain snow lines, this cooling indicates that the glacial lapse rate was approximately the same as it is today. In contrast, measurements on deep-sea sediments indicate that surface temperatures in the ocean basins adjacent to our study area decreased by only about 2°C. This difference between continental and oceanic records poses questions concerning our current understanding of paleoclimate and climate-controlling processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1000-1003
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume256
Issue number5059
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Southwestern United States
Noble Gases
Groundwater
Oceans and Seas
Snow
Temperature
Climate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Paleotemperatures in the southwestern United States derived from noble gases in ground water. / Stute, M.; Schlosser, Peter; Clark, J. F.; Broecker, W. S.

In: Science, Vol. 256, No. 5059, 01.01.1992, p. 1000-1003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stute, M. ; Schlosser, Peter ; Clark, J. F. ; Broecker, W. S. / Paleotemperatures in the southwestern United States derived from noble gases in ground water. In: Science. 1992 ; Vol. 256, No. 5059. pp. 1000-1003.
@article{8d3e7cec6d0b4d7b8741c18d2e51eb53,
title = "Paleotemperatures in the southwestern United States derived from noble gases in ground water",
abstract = "A paleotemperature record based on measurements of atmospheric noble gases dissolved in ground water of the Carrizo aquifer (Texas) shows that the annual mean temperature in the southwestern United States during the last glacial maximum was about 5°C lower than the present-day value. In combination with evidence for fluctuations in mountain snow lines, this cooling indicates that the glacial lapse rate was approximately the same as it is today. In contrast, measurements on deep-sea sediments indicate that surface temperatures in the ocean basins adjacent to our study area decreased by only about 2°C. This difference between continental and oceanic records poses questions concerning our current understanding of paleoclimate and climate-controlling processes.",
author = "M. Stute and Peter Schlosser and Clark, {J. F.} and Broecker, {W. S.}",
year = "1992",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1126/science.256.5059.1000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "256",
pages = "1000--1003",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "5059",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Paleotemperatures in the southwestern United States derived from noble gases in ground water

AU - Stute, M.

AU - Schlosser, Peter

AU - Clark, J. F.

AU - Broecker, W. S.

PY - 1992/1/1

Y1 - 1992/1/1

N2 - A paleotemperature record based on measurements of atmospheric noble gases dissolved in ground water of the Carrizo aquifer (Texas) shows that the annual mean temperature in the southwestern United States during the last glacial maximum was about 5°C lower than the present-day value. In combination with evidence for fluctuations in mountain snow lines, this cooling indicates that the glacial lapse rate was approximately the same as it is today. In contrast, measurements on deep-sea sediments indicate that surface temperatures in the ocean basins adjacent to our study area decreased by only about 2°C. This difference between continental and oceanic records poses questions concerning our current understanding of paleoclimate and climate-controlling processes.

AB - A paleotemperature record based on measurements of atmospheric noble gases dissolved in ground water of the Carrizo aquifer (Texas) shows that the annual mean temperature in the southwestern United States during the last glacial maximum was about 5°C lower than the present-day value. In combination with evidence for fluctuations in mountain snow lines, this cooling indicates that the glacial lapse rate was approximately the same as it is today. In contrast, measurements on deep-sea sediments indicate that surface temperatures in the ocean basins adjacent to our study area decreased by only about 2°C. This difference between continental and oceanic records poses questions concerning our current understanding of paleoclimate and climate-controlling processes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0026616633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0026616633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1126/science.256.5059.1000

DO - 10.1126/science.256.5059.1000

M3 - Article

C2 - 17795002

AN - SCOPUS:0026616633

VL - 256

SP - 1000

EP - 1003

JO - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

IS - 5059

ER -