Paleomyrtinaea a new genus of permineralized myrtaceous fruits and seeds from the Eocene of British Columbia and Paleocene of North Dakota

Kathleen Pigg, R. A. Stockey, S. L. Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Paleomyrtinaea princetonensis gen. et sp.nov. Pigg, Stockey & Maxwell is described from the Middle Eocene Princeton Chert of British Columbia, Canada. Anatomically preserved fruits are berries up to 1.6×0.78 cm with a fleshy fruit wall that consists of a three-layered pericarp. The exocarp is composed of a uniseriate epidermis of tabular cells and an outer hypodermis of small cells and the mesocarp is aerenchymatous. Some seeds are invested in a pulpy endocarp. The seeds are campylotropous, 1.8 mm long and 1.6 mm wide, and contain a curved embryo cavity about 1.5 mm long and 0.64 mm wide. The genus is also represented by fruits and seeds from the Upper Palaeocene Sentinel Butte Formation, Almont, North Dakota. Affinities of these fruits are with the berrylike guavas of the Myrtaceae, tribe Myrteae, subtribe Myrtinae, and in particular, with the closely related genera Mosiera Small and Psidium L. A brief reveiw of the fossil record of the Myrtaceae is also presented. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalCanadian Journal of Botany
Volume71
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science

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