The exact ground-state energy E0 is calculated for a one-dimensional copper-oxide model defined on a ring of finite length L, threaded by an external flux . It includes on-site and nearest-neighbor intersite Coulomb repulsion V, as well as a nonzero bare oxide gap 0 between the orbitals in the unit cell. The correlation exponent K of the corresponding low-energy Hamiltonian shows that singlet (extended s-wave) superconductivity has the most rapidly diverging susceptibility as T0 (K>1). This superconducting phase is located close to a phase-separation instability of the model, indicated by K. Longer range of the Coulomb interaction tends to frustrate phase separation, enhances the range of V for which K>1, and slightly broadens the regime of V where 1<K<.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics