We present here a simple and rapid method which allows relatively large quantities of oxygen-evolving photosystem II-(PS-II-) enriched particles to be obtained from wild-type and mutants of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis 6803. This method is based on that of Burnap et al. [Burnap, R., Koike, H., Sotiropoulou, G., Sherman, L.A., & Inoue, Y. (1989) Photosynth. Res. 22, 123-130] but is modified so that the whole preparation, from cells to PS-II particles, is achieved in 10 h and involves only one purification step. The purified preparation exhibits a 5-6-fold increase of O2-evolution activity on a chlorophyll basis over the thylakoids. The ratio of PS-I to PS-II is about 0.14:1 in the preparation. The secondary quinone electron acceptor, QB, is present in this preparation as demonstrated by thermoluminescence studies. These PS-II particles are well-suited to spectroscopic studies as demonstrated by the range of EPR signals arising from components of PS-II that are easily detectable. Among the EPR signals presented are those from a formal S3-state, attributed to an oxidized amino acid interacting magnetically with the Mn complex in Ca2+-deficient PS-II particles, and from S2 modified by the replacement of Ca2+ by Sr2+. Neither of these signals has been previously reported in cyanobacteria. Their detection under these conditions indicates a similar lesion caused by Ca2+ depletion in both plants and cyanobacteria. The protocol has also been applied to mutants which have site-specific changes in PS-II. Data are presented on mutants having changes on the electron donor (Y160F) and electron acceptor (G215W) side of the D2 polypeptide.
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