Overground walking along with counting backwards influences movement variability in healthy young and older adults

Rahul Soangra, Thurmon Lockhart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Performance of secondary task i.e. dual task affects certain aspects of gait, but the relationship between gait variability and dual tasking is not well understood. This study evaluated the effects of the dual-task paradigm on measures of movement variability changes in two healthy age groups. Seven young (age 22.6±2.5 years, height 170.3±9.3 cm and weight 69.6±15.5 Kgs) and seven old participants (age 71.14±6.5 years, height 174.5±10.2 cm and weight 78.5±18.2 Kgs) were recruited for this study. Since cognitive task such as mental arithmetic tasks (for example counting backwards by subtracting three digits) are self-generated, and are performed with selected spontaneous rhythm, so are used as secondary task while walking. An inertial measurement unit was affixed at sternum level and anterior-posterior angular velocities were used for determining stride intervals and peak accelerations during each stride. It was found that healthy older adults have significantly higher dynamic stability (p<0.01) and we also found that dual-tasking significantly increases complexity in stride interval time signals in both young and older adults (p=0.01). In conclusion the findings of this study elucidate that dual-task related changes in gait compensate with movement variability but may not predispose healthy young and older adults to falls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication54th Annual Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, RMBS 2017 and 54th International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium 2017
PublisherInternational Society of Automation (ISA)
Volume2017-March
ISBN (Electronic)9781945541193
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event54th Annual Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, RMBS 2017 and 54th International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium 2017 - Denver, United States
Duration: Mar 31 2017Apr 1 2017

Other

Other54th Annual Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, RMBS 2017 and 54th International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium 2017
CountryUnited States
CityDenver
Period3/31/174/1/17

Keywords

  • Dual task
  • Fall risk
  • Inertial sensor
  • Nonlinear variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Instrumentation
  • Biotechnology
  • Biomedical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Soangra, R., & Lockhart, T. (2017). Overground walking along with counting backwards influences movement variability in healthy young and older adults. In 54th Annual Rocky Mountain Bioengineering Symposium, RMBS 2017 and 54th International ISA Biomedical Sciences Instrumentation Symposium 2017 (Vol. 2017-March). International Society of Automation (ISA).