Abstract

This communication reports the development and performance of a membraneless fuel cell that utilizes a convective electrolyte flow orthogonal to the plane of the cell electrodes. The orthogonal flow acts to convect reactants to the electrodes and as a pseudo-membrane between anode and cathode, preventing mixed potentials caused by back diffusion of oxidant onto the anode. The membraneless design allows the cell parameters to be defined by the fuel rather than the membrane. The convective electrolyte flow eliminates the mass transport limited current regime and allows the cell to run under semi-mixed conditions. Power densities as high as 46 mW cm-2 were achieved with both hydrogen and methanol as fuels. Methanol had a fuel utilization of 42%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-259
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume183
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2008

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fuel cells
Fuel cells
Electrolytes
Methanol
Anodes
anodes
methyl alcohol
cells
electrolytes
membranes
Membranes
Electrodes
electrodes
Oxidants
radiant flux density
Hydrogen
Cathodes
Mass transfer
cathodes
communication

Keywords

  • Alkaline
  • Hydrogen
  • Membraneless fuel cell
  • Methanol
  • Orthogonal flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Fuel Technology
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Energy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Orthogonal flow membraneless fuel cell. / Hayes, Joel R.; Engstrom, Allison M.; Friesen, Cody.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 183, No. 1, 15.08.2008, p. 257-259.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hayes, Joel R. ; Engstrom, Allison M. ; Friesen, Cody. / Orthogonal flow membraneless fuel cell. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2008 ; Vol. 183, No. 1. pp. 257-259.
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