Origin of Implication: How Do Innocent Individuals Enter the Criminal Justice System?

Belén Lowrey-Kinberg, Samantha L. Senn, Katherine Dunn, Jon B. Gould, Katie Hail-Jares

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Drawing from the investigative policing literature, we develop a typology for how innocent defendants become suspects in criminal investigations. We use the Preventing Wrongful Convictions Project (PWCP) dataset and multivariate modeling to examine the case and defendant characteristics that predict how an innocent defendant became a suspect. We found that investigators identify suspects in eight primary ways. The most common in the PWCP dataset were victim/eyewitness identification, citizen identification, and intentional misidentification. Defendant’s race, age, criminal history, relationship to the victim, cognitive/mental status, and whether the victim survived were strongly associated with an innocent defendant’s origin of implication. These results illuminate how tunnel vision begins in cases with innocent defendants, and how police practices may prevent innocent individuals from becoming suspects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1949-1975
Number of pages27
JournalCrime and Delinquency
Volume65
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • origin of implication
  • police investigations
  • wrongful convictions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Origin of Implication: How Do Innocent Individuals Enter the Criminal Justice System?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this