Organic solvent pervaporation properties of MOF-5 membranes

Alexandra Kasik, Jerry Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Membranes made of microporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with pore sizes larger than zeolites, such as MOF-5, offer potential for separation of large molecules in liquid phase. However, MOF-5 exhibits severe degradation upon contact with atmospheric levels of moisture. The objective of this work is to determine material stability of MOF-5 membranes during pervaporation of organic solvents. High quality MOF-5 membranes about 10 μm in thickness were prepared by the secondary growth method using ball-milled MOF-5 seed crystals. On-stream p-xylene pervaporation test of the as-synthesized MOF-5 membrane shows the p-xylene flux declines and levels off at a steady-state value about 70% of the original value for fresh-membrane after 16 h on the stream. The p-xylene flux cannot be restored to the original value, suggesting permanent fouling of the MOF-5 membrane upon exposure to p-xylene stream. Subsequent characterization indicated there was no structural or microstructural degradation that occurred, and evidence of retained xylene isomers in the MOF-5 structure was found using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Nevertheless, the fouled MOF-5 membranes exhibit stable pervaporation fluxes for organic molecules with sizes smaller than the aperture of the MOF-5 cage, and exclude organic molecules with sizes larger than MOF-5 aperture. The results show that the MOF-5 membranes, after a permanent reduction in permeation flux by initial exposure to xylene stream, are stable in organic solvent and can be used for separation of liquid organic molecules based on the molecular sieving effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-45
Number of pages8
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume121
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2014

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Keywords

  • MOF-5 membranes
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Pervaporation
  • m-Xylene
  • o-Xylene
  • p-Xylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

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