Organellar dynamics during the cell cycle of Toxoplasma gondii

Manami Nishi, Ke Hu, John M. Murray, David S. Roos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

145 Scopus citations

Abstract

The protozoan phylum Apicomplexa encompasses ∼5000 species of obligate intracellular parasites, including those responsible for malaria and toxoplasmosis. Rather than dividing by binary fission, apicomplexans use a remarkable mechanism for replication, assembling daughters de novo within the cytoplasm. Here, we exploit time-lapse microscopy of fluorescent markers targeted to various subcellular structures in Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites to determine how these unicellular eukaryotes efficiently package a complete set of organelles, maintaining the highly polarized organization necessary for host cell invasion and pathogenesis. Golgi division and elongation of the apicoplast are among the first morphologically observable events, associated with an unusual pattern of centriolar migration. Daughter parasites are assembled on cytoskeletal scaffolding, whose growth proceeds from the apical end, first encapsulating the divided Golgi. Further extension of the cytoskeletal scaffold results in partitioning of the apicoplast, nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, and finally the mitochondrion, which enters the developing daughters rapidly, but only very late during the division cycle. The specialized secretory organelles (micronemes and rhoptries) form de novo. This distinctive pattern of replication - in which organellar segregation spans ∼75% of the cell cycle, completely encompassing S phase - suggests an unusual mechanism of cell cycle regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1559-1568
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume121
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apicomplexan parasites
  • Apicoplast
  • Centrioles
  • Endoplasmic reticulum
  • Golgi
  • Micronemes
  • Mitochondrion
  • Organelle segregation
  • Rhoptries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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