Optimizing learning from examples using animated pedagogical agents

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

250 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study attempted to optimize a computer-based learning environment designed to teach learners how to solve word problems by incorporating an animated pedagogical agent. The agent was programmed to deliver instructional explanations either textually or aurally, while simultaneously using gaze and gesture to direct the learners to focus their attention on the relevant part of the example. In Experiment 1, learners presented with an agent delivering explanations aurally (voice plus agent) outperformed their control peers on measures of transfer. In Experiment 2, learners in the voice-plus-agent condition outperformed their peers presented with textual explanations on a variety of measures, including far transfer. In sum, an animated agent programmed to deliver instructions aurally can help optimize learning from examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-427
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Volume94
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Learning
Gestures
learning
experiment
learning environment
instruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Optimizing learning from examples using animated pedagogical agents. / Atkinson, Robert.

In: Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 94, No. 2, 2002, p. 416-427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{74931249401547719b784528b374d17e,
title = "Optimizing learning from examples using animated pedagogical agents",
abstract = "This study attempted to optimize a computer-based learning environment designed to teach learners how to solve word problems by incorporating an animated pedagogical agent. The agent was programmed to deliver instructional explanations either textually or aurally, while simultaneously using gaze and gesture to direct the learners to focus their attention on the relevant part of the example. In Experiment 1, learners presented with an agent delivering explanations aurally (voice plus agent) outperformed their control peers on measures of transfer. In Experiment 2, learners in the voice-plus-agent condition outperformed their peers presented with textual explanations on a variety of measures, including far transfer. In sum, an animated agent programmed to deliver instructions aurally can help optimize learning from examples.",
author = "Robert Atkinson",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1037/0022-0663.94.2.416",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "94",
pages = "416--427",
journal = "Journal of Educational Psychology",
issn = "0022-0663",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimizing learning from examples using animated pedagogical agents

AU - Atkinson, Robert

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - This study attempted to optimize a computer-based learning environment designed to teach learners how to solve word problems by incorporating an animated pedagogical agent. The agent was programmed to deliver instructional explanations either textually or aurally, while simultaneously using gaze and gesture to direct the learners to focus their attention on the relevant part of the example. In Experiment 1, learners presented with an agent delivering explanations aurally (voice plus agent) outperformed their control peers on measures of transfer. In Experiment 2, learners in the voice-plus-agent condition outperformed their peers presented with textual explanations on a variety of measures, including far transfer. In sum, an animated agent programmed to deliver instructions aurally can help optimize learning from examples.

AB - This study attempted to optimize a computer-based learning environment designed to teach learners how to solve word problems by incorporating an animated pedagogical agent. The agent was programmed to deliver instructional explanations either textually or aurally, while simultaneously using gaze and gesture to direct the learners to focus their attention on the relevant part of the example. In Experiment 1, learners presented with an agent delivering explanations aurally (voice plus agent) outperformed their control peers on measures of transfer. In Experiment 2, learners in the voice-plus-agent condition outperformed their peers presented with textual explanations on a variety of measures, including far transfer. In sum, an animated agent programmed to deliver instructions aurally can help optimize learning from examples.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035997834&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035997834&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-0663.94.2.416

DO - 10.1037/0022-0663.94.2.416

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0035997834

VL - 94

SP - 416

EP - 427

JO - Journal of Educational Psychology

JF - Journal of Educational Psychology

SN - 0022-0663

IS - 2

ER -