Optimization of interdigitated back contact silicon heterojunction solar cells by two-dimensional numerical simulation

Meijun Lu, Ujjwal Das, Stuart Bowden, Steven Hegedus, Robert Birkmire

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, two-dimensional (2D) simulation of interdigitated back contact silicon heterojunction (IBC-SHJ) solar cells is presented using Sentaurus Device, a software package of Synopsys TCAD. A model is established incorporating a distribution of trap states of amorphous-silicon material and thermionic emission across the amorphous-silicon / crystalline-silicon hetero-interface. The 2D nature of IBC-SHJ device is evaluated and current density-voltage (J-V) curves are generated. Optimization of IBC-SHJ solar cells is then discussed through simulation. It is shown that the open circuit voltage (VOC) and short circuit current density (JSC) of IBC-SHJ solar cells increase with decreasing front surface recombination velocity. The JSC improves further with the increase of relative coverage of p-type emitter contacts, which is explained by the simulated and measured position dependent laser beam induced current (LBIC) line scan. The S-shaped J-V curves with low fill factor (FF) observed in experiments are also simulated, and three methods to improve FF by modifying the intrinsic a-Si buffer layer are suggested: (i) decreased thickness, (ii) increased conductivity, and (iii) reduced band gap. With all these optimizations, an efficiency of 26% for IBC-SHJ solar cells is potentially achievable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009
Pages1475-1480
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Externally publishedYes
Event2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009 - Philadelphia, PA, United States
Duration: Jun 7 2009Jun 12 2009

Publication series

NameConference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference
ISSN (Print)0160-8371

Other

Other2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia, PA
Period6/7/096/12/09

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Lu, M., Das, U., Bowden, S., Hegedus, S., & Birkmire, R. (2009). Optimization of interdigitated back contact silicon heterojunction solar cells by two-dimensional numerical simulation. In 2009 34th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, PVSC 2009 (pp. 1475-1480). [5411332] (Conference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference). https://doi.org/10.1109/PVSC.2009.5411332