Optical flow for video super-resolution: a survey

Zhigang Tu, Hongyan Li, Wei Xie, Yuanzhong Liu, Shifu Zhang, Baoxin Li, Junsong Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Video super-resolution is currently one of the most active research topics in computer vision as it plays an important role in many visual applications. Generally, video super-resolution contains a significant component, i.e., motion compensation, which is used to estimate the displacement between successive video frames for temporal alignment. Optical flow, which can supply dense and sub-pixel motion between consecutive frames, is among the most common ways for this task. To obtain a good understanding of the effect that optical flow acts in video super-resolution, in this work, we conduct a comprehensive review on this subject for the first time. This investigation covers the following major topics: the function of super-resolution (i.e., why we require super-resolution); the concept of video super-resolution (i.e., what is video super-resolution); the description of evaluation metrics (i.e., how (video) super-resolution performs); the introduction of optical flow based video super-resolution; the investigation of using optical flow to capture temporal dependency for video super-resolution. Prominently, we give an in-depth study of the deep learning based video super-resolution method, where some representative algorithms are analyzed and compared. Additionally, we highlight some promising research directions and open issues that should be further addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArtificial Intelligence Review
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Optical Flow-based video super-resolution
  • Optical flow
  • Temporal dependency
  • Video super-resolution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence


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