Optical fiber-mediated photosynthesis for enhanced subsurface oxygen delivery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Remediation of polluted groundwater often requires oxygen delivery into subsurface to sustain aerobic bacteria. Air sparging or injection of oxygen containing solutions (e.g., hydrogen peroxide) into the subsurface are common. In this study visible light was delivered into the subsurface using radially emitting optical fibers. Phototrophic organisms grew near the optical fiber in a saturated sand column. When applying light in on-off cycles, dissolved oxygen (DO) varied from super saturation levels of >15 mg DO/L in presence of light to under-saturation (<5 mg DO/L) in absence of light. Non-photosynthetic bacteria dominated at longer radial distances from the fiber, presumably supported by soluble microbial products produced by the photosynthetic microorganisms. The dissolved oxygen variations alter redox condition changes in response to light demonstrate the potential to biologically deliver oxygen into the subsurface and support a diverse microbial community. The ability to deliver oxygen and modulate redox conditions on diurnal cycles using solar light may provide a sustainable, long term strategy for increasing dissolved oxygen levels in subsurface environments and maintaining diverse biological communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)742-748
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume195
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Optical Fibers
Photosynthesis
Dissolved oxygen
Optical fibers
photosynthesis
dissolved oxygen
Oxygen
oxygen
Light
redox conditions
Aerobic bacteria
air sparging
bacterium
Oxidation-Reduction
Supersaturation
supersaturation
Remediation
solar cycle
Hydrogen peroxide
Microorganisms

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Contamination
  • Groundwater
  • Soil
  • Solar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Optical fiber-mediated photosynthesis for enhanced subsurface oxygen delivery. / Lanzarini-Lopes, Mariana; Delgado, Anca; Guo, Yuanming; Dahlen, Paul; Westerhoff, Paul.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 195, 01.03.2018, p. 742-748.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Remediation of polluted groundwater often requires oxygen delivery into subsurface to sustain aerobic bacteria. Air sparging or injection of oxygen containing solutions (e.g., hydrogen peroxide) into the subsurface are common. In this study visible light was delivered into the subsurface using radially emitting optical fibers. Phototrophic organisms grew near the optical fiber in a saturated sand column. When applying light in on-off cycles, dissolved oxygen (DO) varied from super saturation levels of >15 mg DO/L in presence of light to under-saturation (<5 mg DO/L) in absence of light. Non-photosynthetic bacteria dominated at longer radial distances from the fiber, presumably supported by soluble microbial products produced by the photosynthetic microorganisms. The dissolved oxygen variations alter redox condition changes in response to light demonstrate the potential to biologically deliver oxygen into the subsurface and support a diverse microbial community. The ability to deliver oxygen and modulate redox conditions on diurnal cycles using solar light may provide a sustainable, long term strategy for increasing dissolved oxygen levels in subsurface environments and maintaining diverse biological communities.",
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AU - Delgado, Anca

AU - Guo, Yuanming

AU - Dahlen, Paul

AU - Westerhoff, Paul

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N2 - Remediation of polluted groundwater often requires oxygen delivery into subsurface to sustain aerobic bacteria. Air sparging or injection of oxygen containing solutions (e.g., hydrogen peroxide) into the subsurface are common. In this study visible light was delivered into the subsurface using radially emitting optical fibers. Phototrophic organisms grew near the optical fiber in a saturated sand column. When applying light in on-off cycles, dissolved oxygen (DO) varied from super saturation levels of >15 mg DO/L in presence of light to under-saturation (<5 mg DO/L) in absence of light. Non-photosynthetic bacteria dominated at longer radial distances from the fiber, presumably supported by soluble microbial products produced by the photosynthetic microorganisms. The dissolved oxygen variations alter redox condition changes in response to light demonstrate the potential to biologically deliver oxygen into the subsurface and support a diverse microbial community. The ability to deliver oxygen and modulate redox conditions on diurnal cycles using solar light may provide a sustainable, long term strategy for increasing dissolved oxygen levels in subsurface environments and maintaining diverse biological communities.

AB - Remediation of polluted groundwater often requires oxygen delivery into subsurface to sustain aerobic bacteria. Air sparging or injection of oxygen containing solutions (e.g., hydrogen peroxide) into the subsurface are common. In this study visible light was delivered into the subsurface using radially emitting optical fibers. Phototrophic organisms grew near the optical fiber in a saturated sand column. When applying light in on-off cycles, dissolved oxygen (DO) varied from super saturation levels of >15 mg DO/L in presence of light to under-saturation (<5 mg DO/L) in absence of light. Non-photosynthetic bacteria dominated at longer radial distances from the fiber, presumably supported by soluble microbial products produced by the photosynthetic microorganisms. The dissolved oxygen variations alter redox condition changes in response to light demonstrate the potential to biologically deliver oxygen into the subsurface and support a diverse microbial community. The ability to deliver oxygen and modulate redox conditions on diurnal cycles using solar light may provide a sustainable, long term strategy for increasing dissolved oxygen levels in subsurface environments and maintaining diverse biological communities.

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