This work studies the optical reflectance of nanoporous gold (NPG) thin films of varying pore volume fraction (PVF) synthesized by chemical dealloying of Ag-Au alloy precursors. The fabricated samples are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, and spectral hemispherical reflectance is measured with an integrating sphere. The effective isotropic optical constants of NPG with varying PVF are modeled for the wavelength range from 0.4 to 1.6 μm using the Bruggeman effective medium theory. As the thickness of the NPG thin films is more than ten times larger than the effective penetration depth, the spectral reflectance is simply modeled with the Fresnel coefficients at the interface of air and semi-infinite NPG with different incident angles and polarizations. Consistent with the modeling results, the optical measurement data shows that the spectral normal reflectance of NPG significantly decreases with larger PVF values in the near-infrared regime. On the other hand, the reflectance increases greatly only within visible range at larger oblique angles for transverse-electric polarized waves compared to transverse-magnetic waves. Moreover, the NPG samples demonstrate good thermal stability from room temperature up to 100 °C with little changes in the temperature-dependent spectral hemispherical reflectance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering