Optical and thermodynamic basicities: UV spectra of Tl+, Pb2+, and Bi3+ in molten chloroaluminate titrations

P. D. Bennett, Charles Angell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Following a recent report on the strong environmental dependence of the 3P11S0 transition of Pb2+ doped, in trace quantities, into thermodynamically characterized binary chloroaluminate molten-salt systems, we examined two other isoelectronic ions, Tl+ and Bi3+, in order to gain insight into the factors determining a spectral probe's sensitivity to chemical processes and into the limitations of the use of d10s2 ions as basicity probes. Major differences in the probe ion spectral responses ranging from full-range frequency shifts (Bi3+) to no shift at all (Tl+) were observed as their host solvent was titrated through a composition region where large thermodynamic changes are known to occur (equivalence point at the AlCl4 - stoichiometry). These differences are discussed in terms of differences in the polarizing power of the probe ions and the ions composing the solvent medium, and in terms of probe ion coordination symmetries and stoichiometries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3030-3035
Number of pages6
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume24
Issue number19
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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ion probes
Alkalinity
Titration
titration
Molten materials
Thermodynamics
Ions
thermodynamics
stoichiometry
ions
probes
molten salts
spectral sensitivity
Stoichiometry
frequency shift
equivalence
shift
symmetry
Salts
Chemical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Optical and thermodynamic basicities : UV spectra of Tl+, Pb2+, and Bi3+ in molten chloroaluminate titrations. / Bennett, P. D.; Angell, Charles.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 24, No. 19, 1985, p. 3030-3035.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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