Optical absorption enhancement in monolayer MoS2 using Multi-order magnetic polaritons

Linshuang Long, Yue Yang, Hong Ye, Liping Wang

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Two-dimensional materials, unlike their bulk counterparts, exhibit many outstanding features, such as flexibility and tunability. Among them, layered molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) can be applied as photodetectors, transistors, and solar cells. However, the light absorption is much less compared to bulk material due to the atomic thickness. In the present work, silver gratings are proposed to enhance the optical absorptance of monolayer MoS2 with plasmonic resonances. Rigorous coupled-wave analysis shows that the maximum absorptance of the MoS2 layer itself is increased by more than 20 times to nearly 90%. The dramatic enhancement is caused by strong coupling between the external electromagnetic waves and artificial magnetic resonance inside the structure, namely magnetic polariton (MP). Optical energy strongly confined within the grating grooves is then absorbed by the MoS2 layer coated above. Multi-order MPs excited within grating grooves at different depths result in either broadband or narrowband absorption of monolayer MoS2 with tunable resonance wavelengths, which can be well predicted via generalized inductor-capacitor circuit models.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages198-205
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
Volume200
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

Fingerprint

polaritons
optical absorption
gratings
augmentation
Light absorption
Monolayers
absorptance
grooves
cells
Magnetic structure
Magnetic resonance
Photodetectors
Silver
Electromagnetic waves
Solar cells
Transistors
Capacitors
Wavelength
Networks (circuits)
molybdenum disulfide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

Optical absorption enhancement in monolayer MoS2 using Multi-order magnetic polaritons. / Long, Linshuang; Yang, Yue; Ye, Hong; Wang, Liping.

In: Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 200, 01.10.2017, p. 198-205.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

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