Opacity effects in a solid-density aluminium plasma created by photo-excitation with an X-ray laser

D. S. Rackstraw, S. M. Vinko, O. Ciricosta, B. I. Cho, K. Engelhorn, H. K. Chung, C. R.D. Brown, T. Burian, J. Chalupský, R. W. Falcone, C. Graves, V. Hájková, A. Higginbotham, L. Juha, J. Krzywinski, H. J. Lee, Marc Messerschmidt, C. Murphy, Y. Ping, A. ScherzW. Schlotter, S. Toleikis, J. J. Turner, L. Vysin, T. Wang, B. Wu, U. Zastrau, D. Zhu, B. Nagler, R. W. Lee, P. A. Heimann, J. S. Wark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The intensities within the focal spots of the output of recently developed X-ray sources based on free-electron-laser (FEL) technology are so great that atoms within the focal region can potentially absorb several photons during the few tens of femtosecond X-ray pulse. Furthermore, the duration of the FEL X-ray pulse is comparable to the Auger decay times of inner-shell holes created by the X-rays themselves. We report here how such a scenario can lead to opacity broadening of the fluorescence radiation emitted by the hot, dense plasma, which is created as a result of the X-radiation focussed onto a solid target, and in particular present calculations of the broadening of the Kα emission in a solid-density aluminium target, produced when the FEL photon energy is tuned below the Al K-edge, but is resonant with the Kα transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-69
Number of pages11
JournalHigh Energy Density Physics
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

opacity
photoexcitation
free electron lasers
aluminum
lasers
x rays
dense plasmas
photons
radiation
pulses
fluorescence
output
decay
atoms
energy

Keywords

  • Opacity
  • X-ray laser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Rackstraw, D. S., Vinko, S. M., Ciricosta, O., Cho, B. I., Engelhorn, K., Chung, H. K., ... Wark, J. S. (2014). Opacity effects in a solid-density aluminium plasma created by photo-excitation with an X-ray laser. High Energy Density Physics, 11(1), 59-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hedp.2014.02.003

Opacity effects in a solid-density aluminium plasma created by photo-excitation with an X-ray laser. / Rackstraw, D. S.; Vinko, S. M.; Ciricosta, O.; Cho, B. I.; Engelhorn, K.; Chung, H. K.; Brown, C. R.D.; Burian, T.; Chalupský, J.; Falcone, R. W.; Graves, C.; Hájková, V.; Higginbotham, A.; Juha, L.; Krzywinski, J.; Lee, H. J.; Messerschmidt, Marc; Murphy, C.; Ping, Y.; Scherz, A.; Schlotter, W.; Toleikis, S.; Turner, J. J.; Vysin, L.; Wang, T.; Wu, B.; Zastrau, U.; Zhu, D.; Nagler, B.; Lee, R. W.; Heimann, P. A.; Wark, J. S.

In: High Energy Density Physics, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.06.2014, p. 59-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rackstraw, DS, Vinko, SM, Ciricosta, O, Cho, BI, Engelhorn, K, Chung, HK, Brown, CRD, Burian, T, Chalupský, J, Falcone, RW, Graves, C, Hájková, V, Higginbotham, A, Juha, L, Krzywinski, J, Lee, HJ, Messerschmidt, M, Murphy, C, Ping, Y, Scherz, A, Schlotter, W, Toleikis, S, Turner, JJ, Vysin, L, Wang, T, Wu, B, Zastrau, U, Zhu, D, Nagler, B, Lee, RW, Heimann, PA & Wark, JS 2014, 'Opacity effects in a solid-density aluminium plasma created by photo-excitation with an X-ray laser', High Energy Density Physics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 59-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hedp.2014.02.003
Rackstraw, D. S. ; Vinko, S. M. ; Ciricosta, O. ; Cho, B. I. ; Engelhorn, K. ; Chung, H. K. ; Brown, C. R.D. ; Burian, T. ; Chalupský, J. ; Falcone, R. W. ; Graves, C. ; Hájková, V. ; Higginbotham, A. ; Juha, L. ; Krzywinski, J. ; Lee, H. J. ; Messerschmidt, Marc ; Murphy, C. ; Ping, Y. ; Scherz, A. ; Schlotter, W. ; Toleikis, S. ; Turner, J. J. ; Vysin, L. ; Wang, T. ; Wu, B. ; Zastrau, U. ; Zhu, D. ; Nagler, B. ; Lee, R. W. ; Heimann, P. A. ; Wark, J. S. / Opacity effects in a solid-density aluminium plasma created by photo-excitation with an X-ray laser. In: High Energy Density Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 59-69.
@article{47666d9cdb244e3cbc7bc016e173b7cf,
title = "Opacity effects in a solid-density aluminium plasma created by photo-excitation with an X-ray laser",
abstract = "The intensities within the focal spots of the output of recently developed X-ray sources based on free-electron-laser (FEL) technology are so great that atoms within the focal region can potentially absorb several photons during the few tens of femtosecond X-ray pulse. Furthermore, the duration of the FEL X-ray pulse is comparable to the Auger decay times of inner-shell holes created by the X-rays themselves. We report here how such a scenario can lead to opacity broadening of the fluorescence radiation emitted by the hot, dense plasma, which is created as a result of the X-radiation focussed onto a solid target, and in particular present calculations of the broadening of the Kα emission in a solid-density aluminium target, produced when the FEL photon energy is tuned below the Al K-edge, but is resonant with the Kα transition.",
keywords = "Opacity, X-ray laser",
author = "Rackstraw, {D. S.} and Vinko, {S. M.} and O. Ciricosta and Cho, {B. I.} and K. Engelhorn and Chung, {H. K.} and Brown, {C. R.D.} and T. Burian and J. Chalupsk{\'y} and Falcone, {R. W.} and C. Graves and V. H{\'a}jkov{\'a} and A. Higginbotham and L. Juha and J. Krzywinski and Lee, {H. J.} and Marc Messerschmidt and C. Murphy and Y. Ping and A. Scherz and W. Schlotter and S. Toleikis and Turner, {J. J.} and L. Vysin and T. Wang and B. Wu and U. Zastrau and D. Zhu and B. Nagler and Lee, {R. W.} and Heimann, {P. A.} and Wark, {J. S.}",
year = "2014",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.hedp.2014.02.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "59--69",
journal = "High Energy Density Physics",
issn = "1574-1818",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Opacity effects in a solid-density aluminium plasma created by photo-excitation with an X-ray laser

AU - Rackstraw, D. S.

AU - Vinko, S. M.

AU - Ciricosta, O.

AU - Cho, B. I.

AU - Engelhorn, K.

AU - Chung, H. K.

AU - Brown, C. R.D.

AU - Burian, T.

AU - Chalupský, J.

AU - Falcone, R. W.

AU - Graves, C.

AU - Hájková, V.

AU - Higginbotham, A.

AU - Juha, L.

AU - Krzywinski, J.

AU - Lee, H. J.

AU - Messerschmidt, Marc

AU - Murphy, C.

AU - Ping, Y.

AU - Scherz, A.

AU - Schlotter, W.

AU - Toleikis, S.

AU - Turner, J. J.

AU - Vysin, L.

AU - Wang, T.

AU - Wu, B.

AU - Zastrau, U.

AU - Zhu, D.

AU - Nagler, B.

AU - Lee, R. W.

AU - Heimann, P. A.

AU - Wark, J. S.

PY - 2014/6/1

Y1 - 2014/6/1

N2 - The intensities within the focal spots of the output of recently developed X-ray sources based on free-electron-laser (FEL) technology are so great that atoms within the focal region can potentially absorb several photons during the few tens of femtosecond X-ray pulse. Furthermore, the duration of the FEL X-ray pulse is comparable to the Auger decay times of inner-shell holes created by the X-rays themselves. We report here how such a scenario can lead to opacity broadening of the fluorescence radiation emitted by the hot, dense plasma, which is created as a result of the X-radiation focussed onto a solid target, and in particular present calculations of the broadening of the Kα emission in a solid-density aluminium target, produced when the FEL photon energy is tuned below the Al K-edge, but is resonant with the Kα transition.

AB - The intensities within the focal spots of the output of recently developed X-ray sources based on free-electron-laser (FEL) technology are so great that atoms within the focal region can potentially absorb several photons during the few tens of femtosecond X-ray pulse. Furthermore, the duration of the FEL X-ray pulse is comparable to the Auger decay times of inner-shell holes created by the X-rays themselves. We report here how such a scenario can lead to opacity broadening of the fluorescence radiation emitted by the hot, dense plasma, which is created as a result of the X-radiation focussed onto a solid target, and in particular present calculations of the broadening of the Kα emission in a solid-density aluminium target, produced when the FEL photon energy is tuned below the Al K-edge, but is resonant with the Kα transition.

KW - Opacity

KW - X-ray laser

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897873190&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897873190&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.hedp.2014.02.003

DO - 10.1016/j.hedp.2014.02.003

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84897873190

VL - 11

SP - 59

EP - 69

JO - High Energy Density Physics

JF - High Energy Density Physics

SN - 1574-1818

IS - 1

ER -