One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts

Kent E. Carpenter, Muhammad Abrar, Greta Aeby, Richard B. Aronson, Stuart Banks, Andrew Bruckner, Angel Chiriboga, Jorge Cortés, J. Charles Delbeek, Lyndon DeVantier, Graham J. Edgar, Alasdair J. Edwards, Douglas Fenner, Héctor M. Guzmán, Bert W. Hoeksema, Gregor Hodgson, Ofri Johan, Wilfredo Y. Licuanan, Suzanne R. Livingstone, Edward R. Lovell & 19 others Jennifer A. Moore, David O. Obura, Domingo Ochavillo, Beth Polidoro, William F. Precht, Miledel C. Quibilan, Clarissa Reboton, Zoe T. Richards, Alex D. Rogers, Jonnell Sanciangco, Anne Sheppard, Charles Sheppard, Jennifer Smith, Simon Stuart, Emre Turak, John E N Veron, Carden Wallace, Ernesto Weil, Elizabeth Wood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

693 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The conservation status of 845 zooxanthellate reef-building coral species was assessed by using International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List Criteria. Of the 704 species that could be assigned conservation status, 32.8% are in categories with elevated risk of extinction. Declines in abundance are associated with bleaching and diseases driven by elevated sea surface temperatures, with extinction risk further exacerbated by local-scale anthropogenic disturbances. The proportion of corals threatened with extinction has increased dramatically in recent decades and exceeds that of most terrestrial groups. The Caribbean has the largest proportion of corals in high extinction risk categories, whereas the Coral Triangle (western Pacific) has the highest proportion of species in all categories of elevated extinction risk. Our results emphasize the widespread plight of coral reefs and the urgent need to enact conservation measures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-563
Number of pages4
JournalScience
Volume321
Issue number5888
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 25 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Coral Reefs
Climate Change
Anthozoa
Oceans and Seas
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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Cite this

Carpenter, K. E., Abrar, M., Aeby, G., Aronson, R. B., Banks, S., Bruckner, A., ... Wood, E. (2008). One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. Science, 321(5888), 560-563. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1159196

One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. / Carpenter, Kent E.; Abrar, Muhammad; Aeby, Greta; Aronson, Richard B.; Banks, Stuart; Bruckner, Andrew; Chiriboga, Angel; Cortés, Jorge; Delbeek, J. Charles; DeVantier, Lyndon; Edgar, Graham J.; Edwards, Alasdair J.; Fenner, Douglas; Guzmán, Héctor M.; Hoeksema, Bert W.; Hodgson, Gregor; Johan, Ofri; Licuanan, Wilfredo Y.; Livingstone, Suzanne R.; Lovell, Edward R.; Moore, Jennifer A.; Obura, David O.; Ochavillo, Domingo; Polidoro, Beth; Precht, William F.; Quibilan, Miledel C.; Reboton, Clarissa; Richards, Zoe T.; Rogers, Alex D.; Sanciangco, Jonnell; Sheppard, Anne; Sheppard, Charles; Smith, Jennifer; Stuart, Simon; Turak, Emre; Veron, John E N; Wallace, Carden; Weil, Ernesto; Wood, Elizabeth.

In: Science, Vol. 321, No. 5888, 25.07.2008, p. 560-563.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carpenter, KE, Abrar, M, Aeby, G, Aronson, RB, Banks, S, Bruckner, A, Chiriboga, A, Cortés, J, Delbeek, JC, DeVantier, L, Edgar, GJ, Edwards, AJ, Fenner, D, Guzmán, HM, Hoeksema, BW, Hodgson, G, Johan, O, Licuanan, WY, Livingstone, SR, Lovell, ER, Moore, JA, Obura, DO, Ochavillo, D, Polidoro, B, Precht, WF, Quibilan, MC, Reboton, C, Richards, ZT, Rogers, AD, Sanciangco, J, Sheppard, A, Sheppard, C, Smith, J, Stuart, S, Turak, E, Veron, JEN, Wallace, C, Weil, E & Wood, E 2008, 'One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts', Science, vol. 321, no. 5888, pp. 560-563. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1159196
Carpenter KE, Abrar M, Aeby G, Aronson RB, Banks S, Bruckner A et al. One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. Science. 2008 Jul 25;321(5888):560-563. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1159196
Carpenter, Kent E. ; Abrar, Muhammad ; Aeby, Greta ; Aronson, Richard B. ; Banks, Stuart ; Bruckner, Andrew ; Chiriboga, Angel ; Cortés, Jorge ; Delbeek, J. Charles ; DeVantier, Lyndon ; Edgar, Graham J. ; Edwards, Alasdair J. ; Fenner, Douglas ; Guzmán, Héctor M. ; Hoeksema, Bert W. ; Hodgson, Gregor ; Johan, Ofri ; Licuanan, Wilfredo Y. ; Livingstone, Suzanne R. ; Lovell, Edward R. ; Moore, Jennifer A. ; Obura, David O. ; Ochavillo, Domingo ; Polidoro, Beth ; Precht, William F. ; Quibilan, Miledel C. ; Reboton, Clarissa ; Richards, Zoe T. ; Rogers, Alex D. ; Sanciangco, Jonnell ; Sheppard, Anne ; Sheppard, Charles ; Smith, Jennifer ; Stuart, Simon ; Turak, Emre ; Veron, John E N ; Wallace, Carden ; Weil, Ernesto ; Wood, Elizabeth. / One-third of reef-building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts. In: Science. 2008 ; Vol. 321, No. 5888. pp. 560-563.
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AU - Stuart, Simon

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