On the industrial attributions of the Aterian and Mousterian of the Maghreb

Harold L. Dibble, Vera Aldeias, Zenobia Jacobs, Deborah I. Olszewski, Zeljko Rezek, Sam C. Lin, Esteban Alvarez-Fernández, Carolyn C. Barshay-Szmidt, Emily Hallett-Desguez, Denné Reed, Kaye Reed, Daniel Richter, Teresa E. Steele, Anne Skinner, Bonnie Blackwell, Ekaterina Doronicheva, Mohamed El-Hajraoui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

North Africa is quickly emerging as one of the more important regions yielding information on the origins of modern Homo sapiens. Associated with significant fossil hominin remains are two stone tool industries, the Aterian and Mousterian, which have been differentiated, respectively, primarily on the basis of the presence and absence of tanged, or stemmed, stone tools. Largely because of historical reasons, these two industries have been attributed to the western Eurasian Middle Paleolithic rather than the African Middle Stone Age. In this paper, drawing on our recent excavation of Contrebandiers Cave and other published data, we show that, aside from the presence or absence of tanged pieces, there are no other distinctions between these two industries in terms of either lithic attributes or chronology. Together, these results demonstrate that these two 'industries' are instead variants of the same entity. Moreover, several additional characteristics of these assemblages, such as distinctive stone implements and the manufacture and use of bone tools and possible shell ornaments, suggest a closer affinity to other Late Pleistocene African Middle Stone Age industries rather than to the Middle Paleolithic of western Eurasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-210
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Human Evolution
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Fingerprint

Maghreb
Mousterian
attribution
industry
Mesolithic
Paleolithic
North Africa
Eurasia
Northern Africa
caves
cave
chronology
bone
manufacturing
excavation
fossils
bones
Attribution
Industry
Pleistocene

Keywords

  • Atero-Mousterian
  • Maghrebian Mousterian
  • Middle Paleolithic
  • Middle Stone Age
  • Morocco
  • North Africa
  • Systematics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Education

Cite this

Dibble, H. L., Aldeias, V., Jacobs, Z., Olszewski, D. I., Rezek, Z., Lin, S. C., ... El-Hajraoui, M. (2013). On the industrial attributions of the Aterian and Mousterian of the Maghreb. Journal of Human Evolution, 64(3), 194-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.10.010

On the industrial attributions of the Aterian and Mousterian of the Maghreb. / Dibble, Harold L.; Aldeias, Vera; Jacobs, Zenobia; Olszewski, Deborah I.; Rezek, Zeljko; Lin, Sam C.; Alvarez-Fernández, Esteban; Barshay-Szmidt, Carolyn C.; Hallett-Desguez, Emily; Reed, Denné; Reed, Kaye; Richter, Daniel; Steele, Teresa E.; Skinner, Anne; Blackwell, Bonnie; Doronicheva, Ekaterina; El-Hajraoui, Mohamed.

In: Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 64, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 194-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dibble, HL, Aldeias, V, Jacobs, Z, Olszewski, DI, Rezek, Z, Lin, SC, Alvarez-Fernández, E, Barshay-Szmidt, CC, Hallett-Desguez, E, Reed, D, Reed, K, Richter, D, Steele, TE, Skinner, A, Blackwell, B, Doronicheva, E & El-Hajraoui, M 2013, 'On the industrial attributions of the Aterian and Mousterian of the Maghreb', Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 64, no. 3, pp. 194-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.10.010
Dibble HL, Aldeias V, Jacobs Z, Olszewski DI, Rezek Z, Lin SC et al. On the industrial attributions of the Aterian and Mousterian of the Maghreb. Journal of Human Evolution. 2013 Mar;64(3):194-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.10.010
Dibble, Harold L. ; Aldeias, Vera ; Jacobs, Zenobia ; Olszewski, Deborah I. ; Rezek, Zeljko ; Lin, Sam C. ; Alvarez-Fernández, Esteban ; Barshay-Szmidt, Carolyn C. ; Hallett-Desguez, Emily ; Reed, Denné ; Reed, Kaye ; Richter, Daniel ; Steele, Teresa E. ; Skinner, Anne ; Blackwell, Bonnie ; Doronicheva, Ekaterina ; El-Hajraoui, Mohamed. / On the industrial attributions of the Aterian and Mousterian of the Maghreb. In: Journal of Human Evolution. 2013 ; Vol. 64, No. 3. pp. 194-210.
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