On the evidence of deterministic chaos in ECG: Surrogate and predictability analysis

R. B. Govindan, K. Narayanan, M. S. Gopinathan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations


The question whether the human cardiac system is chaotic or not has been an open one. Recent results in chaos theory have shown that the usual methods, such as saturation of correlation dimension D2 or the existence of positive Lyapunov exponent, alone do not provide sufficient evidence to confirm the presence of deterministic chaos in an experimental system. The results of surrogate data analysis together with the short-term prediction analysis can be used to check whether a given time series is consistent with the hypothesis of deterministic chaos. In this work nonlinear dynamical tools such as surrogate data analysis, short-term prediction, saturation of D2 and positive Lyapunov exponent have been applied to measured ECG data for several normal and pathological cases. The pathology presently studied are PVC (Premature Ventricular Contraction), VTA (Ventricular Tachy Arrhythmia), AV (Atrio-Ventricular) block and VF (Ventricular Fibrillation). While these results do not prove that ECG time series is definitely chaotic, they are found to be consistent with the hypothesis of chaotic dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-502
Number of pages8
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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