On the dynamics of liquids in their viscous regime approaching the glass transition

Z. Chen, Charles Angell, R. Richerta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, Mallamace et al. (Eur. Phys. J. E 34, 94 (2011)) proposed a crossover temperature, T×, and claimed that the dynamics of many supercooled liquids follow an Arrhenius-type temperature dependence between T× and the glass transition temperature Tg. The opposite, namely super-Arrhenius behavior in this viscous regime, has been demonstrated repeatedly for molecular glass-former, for polymers, and for the majority of the exhaustively studied inorganic glasses of technological interest. Therefore, we subject the molecular systems of the Mallamace et al. study to a "residuals" analysis and include not only viscosity data but also the more precise data available from dielectric relaxation experiments over the same temperature range. Although many viscosity data sets are inconclusive due to their noise level, we find that Arrhenius behavior is not a general feature of viscosity in the Tg to T× range. Moreover, the residuals of dielectric relaxation times with respect to an Arrhenius law clearly reveal systematic curvature consistent with super-Arrhenius behavior being an endemic feature of transport properties in this viscous regime. We also observe a common pattern of how dielectric relaxation times decouple slightly from viscosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number65
JournalEuropean Physical Journal E
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biophysics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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