On the detection of molecules in the atmosphere of HD 189733b using HST nicmos transmission spectroscopy

Mark R. Swain, Michael Line, Pieter Deroo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Hubble Space Telescope/NICMOS transmission spectrum measurements of HD 189733b that suggest the detection of methane (CH4) in an exoplanet atmosphere have been a source of significant controversy. With what is probably the best analyzed exoplanet spectroscopy data set to date, different teams, using different methods, have claimed evidence both contradicting and supporting the original findings. Here, we report results from a uniform spectral retrieval analysis of the three independent published spectra together with null hypothesis testing. Based on Bayesian model comparison, we find that two of the three spectra show strong evidence (≥3.6σ) for the detection of molecular features mainly due to water and methane while the third is consistent with a weak molecular detection at the 2.2σ level. We interpret the agreement in the spectral modulation established by previous authors and the atmospheric retrieval results presented here, as a confirmation of the original detection of molecular absorbers in the atmosphere of HD 189733b.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number133
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume784
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

spectroscopy
atmospheres
atmosphere
extrasolar planets
retrieval
molecules
methane
null hypothesis
hypothesis testing
Hubble Space Telescope
spectral analysis
absorbers
modulation
detection
water

Keywords

  • planetary systems
  • planets and satellites: atmospheres
  • planets and satellites: individual (HD 189733b)
  • radiative transfer
  • words: methods: data analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

On the detection of molecules in the atmosphere of HD 189733b using HST nicmos transmission spectroscopy. / Swain, Mark R.; Line, Michael; Deroo, Pieter.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 784, No. 2, 133, 01.04.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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