On the Consistency of QCBED Structure Factor Measurements for TiO 2 (Rutile)

Bin Jiang, Jian Min Zuo, Jesper Friis, John Spence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The same Bragg reflection in TiO2 from 12 different (CBED) patterns (from different crystals, orientations, and thicknesses) are analyzed quantitatively to evaluate the consistency of the quantitative CBED method for bond-charge mapping. The standard deviation in the resulting distribution of derived X-ray structure factors is found to be an order of magnitude smaller than that in conventional X-ray work, and the standard error (0.026% for F X(110)) is slightly better than obtained by the X-ray Pendellösung method applied to silicon. This is sufficiently accurate to distinguish between atomic, covalent, and ionic models of bonding. We describe the importance of extracting experimental parameters from CCD camera characterization, and of surface oxidation and crystal shape. The current experiments show that the QCBED method is now a robust and powerful tool for low-order structure factor measurement, which does not suffer from the large extinction (multiple scattering) errors that occur in inorganic X-ray crystallography, and may be applied to nanocrystals. Our results will be used to understand the role of d-electrons in the chemical bonding of TiO 2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-467
Number of pages11
JournalMicroscopy and Microanalysis
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2003

Fingerprint

rutile
X rays
x rays
Multiple scattering
X ray crystallography
CCD cameras
Crystal orientation
Nanocrystals
crystallography
crystals
standard deviation
Silicon
Oxidation
nanocrystals
Crystals
extinction
Electrons
oxidation
silicon
Experiments

Keywords

  • CBED
  • Electron diffraction
  • Rutile
  • Structure factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

On the Consistency of QCBED Structure Factor Measurements for TiO 2 (Rutile). / Jiang, Bin; Zuo, Jian Min; Friis, Jesper; Spence, John.

In: Microscopy and Microanalysis, Vol. 9, No. 5, 10.2003, p. 457-467.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jiang, Bin ; Zuo, Jian Min ; Friis, Jesper ; Spence, John. / On the Consistency of QCBED Structure Factor Measurements for TiO 2 (Rutile). In: Microscopy and Microanalysis. 2003 ; Vol. 9, No. 5. pp. 457-467.
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