Olfactory associative behavioral differences in three honey bee Apis mellifera L. races under the arid zone ecosystem of central Saudi Arabia

Javaid Iqbal, Hussain Ali, Ayman A. Owayss, Hael S.A. Raweh, Michael S. Engel, Abdulaziz S. Alqarni, Brian Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Apis mellifera jemenitica is the indigenous race of honey bees in the Arabian Peninsula and is tolerant to local drought conditions. Experiments were undertaken to determine the differences in associative learning and memory of honey bee workers living in the arid zone of Saudi Arabia, utilizing the proboscis extension response (PER). These experiments were conducted on the indigenous race (A. m. jemenitica) along with two introduced European races (A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica). The data revealed that A. m. jemenitica is amenable to PER conditioning and may be used in conditioning experiments within the olfactory behavioral paradigm. The results also demonstrated that the three races learn and retain information with different capacities relative to each other during the experimental time periods. Native Arabian bees (A. m. jemenitica) exhibited significantly lower PER percentage during second and third conditioning trials when compared to exotic races. Apis mellifera jemenitica also exhibited reduced memory retention at 2 h and 24 h when compared to A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica. Therefore, the native Arabian bees were relatively slow learners with reduced memory retention compared to the other two races that showed similar learning and memory retention. Three or five conditioning trials and monthly weather conditions (October and December) had no significant effects on learning and memory in A. m. jemenitica. These results emphasized a novel line of research to explore the mechanism and differences in associative learning as well as other forms of learning throughout the year among bee races in the harsh arid conditions of Saudi Arabia. This is the first study in Saudi Arabia to demonstrate inter-race differences regarding olfactory associative learning between native Arabian bees and two introduced European honey bee races.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSaudi Journal of Biological Sciences
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Honey
Saudi Arabia
Bees
Apis mellifera
arid zones
honey bees
Ecosystem
ecosystems
learning
conditioned behavior
Learning
proboscis
Apoidea
Ligusticum
worker honey bees
Droughts
dry environmental conditions
Weather
weather
drought

Keywords

  • Associative learning
  • Honey bee races
  • Memory formation
  • Olfaction
  • Proboscis extension response
  • Saudi Arabia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Olfactory associative behavioral differences in three honey bee Apis mellifera L. races under the arid zone ecosystem of central Saudi Arabia. / Iqbal, Javaid; Ali, Hussain; Owayss, Ayman A.; Raweh, Hael S.A.; Engel, Michael S.; Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.; Smith, Brian.

In: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{aa3cdde9ce7547f7a7b01ad6c3fc925f,
title = "Olfactory associative behavioral differences in three honey bee Apis mellifera L. races under the arid zone ecosystem of central Saudi Arabia",
abstract = "Apis mellifera jemenitica is the indigenous race of honey bees in the Arabian Peninsula and is tolerant to local drought conditions. Experiments were undertaken to determine the differences in associative learning and memory of honey bee workers living in the arid zone of Saudi Arabia, utilizing the proboscis extension response (PER). These experiments were conducted on the indigenous race (A. m. jemenitica) along with two introduced European races (A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica). The data revealed that A. m. jemenitica is amenable to PER conditioning and may be used in conditioning experiments within the olfactory behavioral paradigm. The results also demonstrated that the three races learn and retain information with different capacities relative to each other during the experimental time periods. Native Arabian bees (A. m. jemenitica) exhibited significantly lower PER percentage during second and third conditioning trials when compared to exotic races. Apis mellifera jemenitica also exhibited reduced memory retention at 2 h and 24 h when compared to A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica. Therefore, the native Arabian bees were relatively slow learners with reduced memory retention compared to the other two races that showed similar learning and memory retention. Three or five conditioning trials and monthly weather conditions (October and December) had no significant effects on learning and memory in A. m. jemenitica. These results emphasized a novel line of research to explore the mechanism and differences in associative learning as well as other forms of learning throughout the year among bee races in the harsh arid conditions of Saudi Arabia. This is the first study in Saudi Arabia to demonstrate inter-race differences regarding olfactory associative learning between native Arabian bees and two introduced European honey bee races.",
keywords = "Associative learning, Honey bee races, Memory formation, Olfaction, Proboscis extension response, Saudi Arabia",
author = "Javaid Iqbal and Hussain Ali and Owayss, {Ayman A.} and Raweh, {Hael S.A.} and Engel, {Michael S.} and Alqarni, {Abdulaziz S.} and Brian Smith",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.08.002",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences",
issn = "1319-562X",
publisher = "King Saud University",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Olfactory associative behavioral differences in three honey bee Apis mellifera L. races under the arid zone ecosystem of central Saudi Arabia

AU - Iqbal, Javaid

AU - Ali, Hussain

AU - Owayss, Ayman A.

AU - Raweh, Hael S.A.

AU - Engel, Michael S.

AU - Alqarni, Abdulaziz S.

AU - Smith, Brian

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Apis mellifera jemenitica is the indigenous race of honey bees in the Arabian Peninsula and is tolerant to local drought conditions. Experiments were undertaken to determine the differences in associative learning and memory of honey bee workers living in the arid zone of Saudi Arabia, utilizing the proboscis extension response (PER). These experiments were conducted on the indigenous race (A. m. jemenitica) along with two introduced European races (A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica). The data revealed that A. m. jemenitica is amenable to PER conditioning and may be used in conditioning experiments within the olfactory behavioral paradigm. The results also demonstrated that the three races learn and retain information with different capacities relative to each other during the experimental time periods. Native Arabian bees (A. m. jemenitica) exhibited significantly lower PER percentage during second and third conditioning trials when compared to exotic races. Apis mellifera jemenitica also exhibited reduced memory retention at 2 h and 24 h when compared to A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica. Therefore, the native Arabian bees were relatively slow learners with reduced memory retention compared to the other two races that showed similar learning and memory retention. Three or five conditioning trials and monthly weather conditions (October and December) had no significant effects on learning and memory in A. m. jemenitica. These results emphasized a novel line of research to explore the mechanism and differences in associative learning as well as other forms of learning throughout the year among bee races in the harsh arid conditions of Saudi Arabia. This is the first study in Saudi Arabia to demonstrate inter-race differences regarding olfactory associative learning between native Arabian bees and two introduced European honey bee races.

AB - Apis mellifera jemenitica is the indigenous race of honey bees in the Arabian Peninsula and is tolerant to local drought conditions. Experiments were undertaken to determine the differences in associative learning and memory of honey bee workers living in the arid zone of Saudi Arabia, utilizing the proboscis extension response (PER). These experiments were conducted on the indigenous race (A. m. jemenitica) along with two introduced European races (A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica). The data revealed that A. m. jemenitica is amenable to PER conditioning and may be used in conditioning experiments within the olfactory behavioral paradigm. The results also demonstrated that the three races learn and retain information with different capacities relative to each other during the experimental time periods. Native Arabian bees (A. m. jemenitica) exhibited significantly lower PER percentage during second and third conditioning trials when compared to exotic races. Apis mellifera jemenitica also exhibited reduced memory retention at 2 h and 24 h when compared to A. m. carnica and A. m. ligustica. Therefore, the native Arabian bees were relatively slow learners with reduced memory retention compared to the other two races that showed similar learning and memory retention. Three or five conditioning trials and monthly weather conditions (October and December) had no significant effects on learning and memory in A. m. jemenitica. These results emphasized a novel line of research to explore the mechanism and differences in associative learning as well as other forms of learning throughout the year among bee races in the harsh arid conditions of Saudi Arabia. This is the first study in Saudi Arabia to demonstrate inter-race differences regarding olfactory associative learning between native Arabian bees and two introduced European honey bee races.

KW - Associative learning

KW - Honey bee races

KW - Memory formation

KW - Olfaction

KW - Proboscis extension response

KW - Saudi Arabia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051060762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051060762&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.08.002

DO - 10.1016/j.sjbs.2018.08.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85051060762

JO - Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

JF - Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences

SN - 1319-562X

ER -