Oil tea shell derived porous carbon with an extremely large specific surface area and modification with MnO2 for high-performance supercapacitor electrodes

Meng Zhou, Joshua Gomez, Binsong Li, Ying Bing Jiang, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activated carbon (AC) with an extremely large specific surface area (2851 m2/g) and large pore volume (2.68 cm3/g) was derived from bio-waste oil tea shells by using ZnCl2 as the activation agent. The porous carbon had a high amount of CO2 adsorption (3.61 mmol/g) at ambient conditions (25 °C, 1 bar). Comprehensive characterizations including XRD, Raman, SEM, TEM, and TGA proved graphite existed in the AC samples. However, the capacitance (146 F/g @ 0.5 A/g) was in the normal range of carbon materials. By coating with a thin layer of MnO2, the capacitance of MnO2/AC was enhanced significantly (1126 F/g @ 0.5 A/g) without sacrificing the rate capability and cycle stability, even though the surface area was reduced to 23 m2/g and pore volume reduced to 0.05 cm3/g. A two-electrode (MnO2/AC//AC) supercapacitor cell was set up, the energy density reached 24 Wh/kg with a power density of 275 W/kg.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Materials Today
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Cycle stability
  • Energy density
  • MnO
  • Rate capability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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