Occurrence and fate of microplastic debris in middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River – From inland to the sea

Xiong Xiong, Chenxi Wu, James Elser, Zhigang Mei, Yujiang Hao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on field investigations and modeling estimates, rivers are considered an important route taken by microplastics to reach the sea. However, only a few studies have directly assessed occurrence and fate of microplastics in rivers. In this study, we surveyed the occurrence and fate of microplastic debris in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, which was estimated to be the largest riverine source of plastic debris to the sea. The abundance of microplastics at 15 sites along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River ranged from 1.95 × 105 to 9.00 × 105 items/km2 with an average of 4.92 × 105 items/km2. The abundance of microplastics was positively correlated with the abundance of mesoplastics. Megacities, large riparian lakes, and seawater encroachment appeared to be main factors affecting the distribution of microplastics in the Yangtze River, while the deposition to benthic and riparian sediments likely led to observed decreases in microplastics in some sections of the river. The results of this study indicate that a considerable amount of microplastics generated in large river catchments are not transported to the sea and past modeling estimates of microplastic flux may contain biases. The flux of microplastics reaching the sea should be calculated based on long-term monitoring at the tidal limit of rivers. More importantly, the fate and effects of microplastics retained in the river system should receive more attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-73
Number of pages8
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume659
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Debris
Rivers
river
Fluxes
megacity
sea
river system
modeling
Seawater
Catchments
Lakes
plastic
Sediments
catchment
seawater
Plastics
lake
monitoring
Monitoring
sediment

Keywords

  • Microplastics
  • Transport
  • Yangtze River

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

Cite this

Occurrence and fate of microplastic debris in middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River – From inland to the sea. / Xiong, Xiong; Wu, Chenxi; Elser, James; Mei, Zhigang; Hao, Yujiang.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 659, 01.04.2019, p. 66-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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