Observing the host galaxies of high-redshift quasars with JWST: predictions from the BLUETIDES simulation

Madeline A. Marshall, Stuart J.B. Wyithe, Rogier A. Windhorst, Tiziana Di Matteo, Yueying Ni, Stephen Wilkins, Rupert A.C. Croft, Mira Mechtley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The bright emission from high-redshift quasars completely conceals their host galaxies in the rest-frame ultraviolet/optical, with detection of the hosts in these wavelengths eluding even the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) using detailed point spread function (PSF) modelling techniques. In this study, we produce mock images of a sample of z = 7 quasars extracted from the BLUETIDES simulation, and apply Markov chain Monte Carlo-based PSF modelling to determine the detectability of their host galaxies with the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). While no statistically significant detections are made with HST, we predict that at the same wavelengths and exposure times JWST NIRCam imaging will detect ∼ 50 per cent of quasar host galaxies. We investigate various observational strategies, and find that NIRCam wide-band imaging in the long-wavelength filters results in the highest fraction of successful quasar host detections, detecting > 80 per cent of the hosts of bright quasars in exposure times of 5 ks. Exposure times of > 5 ks are required to detect the majority of host galaxies in the NIRCam wide-band filters, however, even 10 ks exposures with MIRI result in < 30 per cent successful host detections. We find no significant trends between galaxy properties and their detectability. The PSF modelling can accurately recover the host magnitudes, radii, and spatial distribution of the larger scale emission, when accounting for the central core being contaminated by residual quasar flux. Care should be made when interpreting the host properties measured using PSF modelling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1209-1228
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume506
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • infrared: galaxies
  • quasars: supermassive black holes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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