Observation of moiré excitons in WSe2/WS2 heterostructure superlattices

Chenhao Jin, Emma C. Regan, Aiming Yan, M. Iqbal Bakti Utama, Danqing Wang, Sihan Zhao, Ying Qin, Sijie Yang, Zhiren Zheng, Shenyang Shi, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Sefaattin Tongay, Alex Zettl, Feng Wang

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Abstract

Moiré superlattices enable the generation of new quantum phenomena in two-dimensional heterostructures, in which the interactions between the atomically thin layers qualitatively change the electronic band structure of the superlattice. For example, mini-Dirac points, tunable Mott insulator states and the Hofstadter butterfly pattern can emerge in different types of graphene/boron nitride moiré superlattices, whereas correlated insulating states and superconductivity have been reported in twisted bilayer graphene moiré superlattices1–12. In addition to their pronounced effects on single-particle states, moiré superlattices have recently been predicted to host excited states such as moiré exciton bands13–15. Here we report the observation of moiré superlattice exciton states in tungsten diselenide/tungsten disulfide (WSe2/WS2) heterostructures in which the layers are closely aligned. These moiré exciton states manifest as multiple emergent peaks around the original WSe2 A exciton resonance in the absorption spectra, and they exhibit gate dependences that are distinct from that of the A exciton in WSe2 monolayers and in WSe2/WS2 heterostructures with large twist angles. These phenomena can be described by a theoretical model in which the periodic moiré potential is much stronger than the exciton kinetic energy and generates multiple flat exciton minibands. The moiré exciton bands provide an attractive platform from which to explore and control excited states of matter, such as topological excitons and a correlated exciton Hubbard model, in transition-metal dichalcogenides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-80
Number of pages5
JournalNature
Volume567
Issue number7746
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 2019

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    Jin, C., Regan, E. C., Yan, A., Iqbal Bakti Utama, M., Wang, D., Zhao, S., Qin, Y., Yang, S., Zheng, Z., Shi, S., Watanabe, K., Taniguchi, T., Tongay, S., Zettl, A., & Wang, F. (2019). Observation of moiré excitons in WSe2/WS2 heterostructure superlattices. Nature, 567(7746), 76-80. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-0976-y