Observation of bosonic condensation in a hybrid monolayer MoSe2-GaAs microcavity

Max Waldherr, Nils Lundt, Martin Klaas, Simon Betzold, Matthias Wurdack, Vasilij Baumann, Eliezer Estrecho, Anton Nalitov, Evgenia Cherotchenko, Hui Cai, Elena A. Ostrovskaya, Alexey V. Kavokin, Sefaattin Tongay, Sebastian Klembt, Sven Höfling, Christian Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bosonic condensation belongs to the most intriguing phenomena in physics, and was mostly reserved for experiments with ultra-cold quantum gases. More recently, it became accessible in exciton-based solid-state systems at elevated temperatures. Here, we demonstrate bosonic condensation driven by excitons hosted in an atomically thin layer of MoSe2, strongly coupled to light in a solid-state resonator. The structure is operated in the regime of collective strong coupling between a Tamm-plasmon resonance, GaAs quantum well excitons, and two-dimensional excitons confined in the monolayer crystal. Polariton condensation in a monolayer crystal manifests by a superlinear increase of emission intensity from the hybrid polariton mode, its density-dependent blueshift, and a dramatic collapse of the emission linewidth, a hallmark of temporal coherence. Importantly, we observe a significant spin-polarization in the injected polariton condensate, a fingerprint for spin-valley locking in monolayer excitons. Our results pave the way towards highly nonlinear, coherent valleytronic devices and light sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3286
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Fingerprint

Microcavities
Condensation
Monolayers
condensation
excitons
Observation
polaritons
solid state
Light
Crystals
Spin polarization
Physics
Dermatoglyphics
Linewidth
Semiconductor quantum wells
locking
crystals
valleys
condensates
Light sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Waldherr, M., Lundt, N., Klaas, M., Betzold, S., Wurdack, M., Baumann, V., ... Schneider, C. (2018). Observation of bosonic condensation in a hybrid monolayer MoSe2-GaAs microcavity. Nature Communications, 9(1), [3286]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05532-7

Observation of bosonic condensation in a hybrid monolayer MoSe2-GaAs microcavity. / Waldherr, Max; Lundt, Nils; Klaas, Martin; Betzold, Simon; Wurdack, Matthias; Baumann, Vasilij; Estrecho, Eliezer; Nalitov, Anton; Cherotchenko, Evgenia; Cai, Hui; Ostrovskaya, Elena A.; Kavokin, Alexey V.; Tongay, Sefaattin; Klembt, Sebastian; Höfling, Sven; Schneider, Christian.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 9, No. 1, 3286, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Waldherr, M, Lundt, N, Klaas, M, Betzold, S, Wurdack, M, Baumann, V, Estrecho, E, Nalitov, A, Cherotchenko, E, Cai, H, Ostrovskaya, EA, Kavokin, AV, Tongay, S, Klembt, S, Höfling, S & Schneider, C 2018, 'Observation of bosonic condensation in a hybrid monolayer MoSe2-GaAs microcavity', Nature Communications, vol. 9, no. 1, 3286. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05532-7
Waldherr M, Lundt N, Klaas M, Betzold S, Wurdack M, Baumann V et al. Observation of bosonic condensation in a hybrid monolayer MoSe2-GaAs microcavity. Nature Communications. 2018 Dec 1;9(1). 3286. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05532-7
Waldherr, Max ; Lundt, Nils ; Klaas, Martin ; Betzold, Simon ; Wurdack, Matthias ; Baumann, Vasilij ; Estrecho, Eliezer ; Nalitov, Anton ; Cherotchenko, Evgenia ; Cai, Hui ; Ostrovskaya, Elena A. ; Kavokin, Alexey V. ; Tongay, Sefaattin ; Klembt, Sebastian ; Höfling, Sven ; Schneider, Christian. / Observation of bosonic condensation in a hybrid monolayer MoSe2-GaAs microcavity. In: Nature Communications. 2018 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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