OBRA '87: has it resulted in positive change in nursing homes?

K. D. Marek, M. J. Rantz, C. M. Fagin, J. W. Krejci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines perspectives of a broad group of nursing home employees, regulators, advocates, and professional associations to describe progress made since the 1990 implementation of the Nursing Home Reform legislation (OBRA '87) and to determine whether the legislation is perceived as effecting positive change for nursing home residents. Interviews were conducted with 132 professional and non-professional staff in six states and 56 residents. Important issues about nursing home staffing and quality of care are explored. In general, OBRA '87 is viewed as positive, with all groups of respondents indicating that nursing staff or quality have not deteriorated; administrators, licensed nurses, and certified nursing assistants indicate the quality of nursing care provided and the nursing staff levels have improved since OBRA '87 implementation. Regulators agree that quality of nursing care has improved, but nursing home advocates, regulators, and professional association staff indicate mostly no change or no opinion. There is a danger in interpreting that quality and staffing are adequate from these results. While both may have improved, they may not be adequate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-40
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Volume22
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Gerontology

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