Objective Measures of Plosive Nasalization in Hypernasal Speech

Michael Saxon, Julie Liss, Visar Berisha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hypernasal speech is a common symptom across several neurological disorders; however it has a variable acoustic signature, making it difficult to quantify acoustically or perceptually. In this paper, we propose the nasal cognate distinctiveness features as an objective proxy for hypernasal speech. Our method is motivated by the observation that incomplete velopharyngeal closure changes the acoustics of the resultant speech such that alveolar stops /t/ and /d/ map to the alveolar nasal /n/ and bilabial stops /b/ and /p/ map to bilabial nasal /m/. We propose a new family of features based on likelihood ratios between the plosives and their respective nasal cognates. These features are based on an acoustic model that is trained only on healthy speech, and evaluated on a set of 75 speakers diagnosed with different dysarthria subtypes and exhibiting varying levels of hypernasality. Our results show that the family of features compares favorably with the clinical perception of speech-language pathologists subjectively evaluating hypernasality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages6520-6524
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781479981311
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019
Event44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Brighton, United Kingdom
Duration: May 12 2019May 17 2019

Publication series

NameICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings
Volume2019-May
ISSN (Print)1520-6149

Conference

Conference44th IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityBrighton
Period5/12/195/17/19

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Keywords

  • automatic speech recognition
  • dysarthria
  • hypernasality
  • speech
  • velopha-ryngeal dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Saxon, M., Liss, J., & Berisha, V. (2019). Objective Measures of Plosive Nasalization in Hypernasal Speech. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2019 - Proceedings (pp. 6520-6524). [8682339] (ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings; Vol. 2019-May). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2019.8682339