Nutrient dynamics during photodegradation of plant litter in the Sonoran Desert

Rebecca Ball, Maximilian P. Christman, Sharon Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Arid and semi-arid ecosystems are experiencing increased rates of atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition, but the ecological fates of excess nutrients in aridlands are unclear given the few studies conducted in deserts compared to mesic ecosystems. Altered decomposition resulting from increased N availability may not be important in arid ecosystems with significant photodegradation, which may be less influenced by nutrient content than biologically-mediated decomposition. Additionally, nutrient dynamics during decomposition have been studied almost exclusively in mesic ecosystems. To understand the potential impacts of N deposition on mass loss and chemical dynamics during aridland decomposition, we assessed N and phosphorus (P) dynamics of decomposing litter in a long-term N + P enrichment experiment in both urban (+N deposition) and outlying areas (-N deposition) of the Sonoran Desert. Litter was decomposed with and without UV radiation for 9 months, measuring mass loss, litter chemistry, and bacterial biomass. UV radiation significantly accelerated mass loss and altered N and P dynamics, and there was an impact of the urban environment and experimental fertilization on nutrient dynamics. Overall, these patterns suggest that the aridland urban environment, where rates of N deposition are elevated, alters nutrient dynamics during decomposition but not the fraction of litter lost to photodegradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Arid Environments
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Ambrosia deltoidea
  • Decomposition
  • N deposition
  • Nutrient dynamics
  • Photodegradation
  • Sonoran desert

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nutrient dynamics during photodegradation of plant litter in the Sonoran Desert'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this