Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities

W. Stanley Harpole, Jacqueline T. Ngai, Elsa E. Cleland, Eric W. Seabloom, Elizabeth T. Borer, Matthew E S Bracken, James Elser, Daniel S. Gruner, Helmut Hillebrand, Jonathan B. Shurin, Jennifer E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

393 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Synergistic interactions between multiple limiting resources are common, highlighting the importance of co-limitation as a constraint on primary production. Our concept of resource limitation has shifted over the past two decades from an earlier paradigm of single-resource limitation towards concepts of co-limitation by multiple resources, which are predicted by various theories. Herein, we summarise multiple-resource limitation responses in plant communities using a dataset of 641 studies that applied factorial addition of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in freshwater, marine and terrestrial systems. We found that more than half of the studies displayed some type of synergistic response to N and P addition. We found support for strict definitions of co-limitation in 28% of the studies: i.e. community biomass responded to only combined N and P addition, or to both N and P when added separately. Our results highlight the importance of interactions between N and P in regulating primary producer community biomass and point to the need for future studies that address the multiple mechanisms that could lead to different types of co-limitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)852-862
Number of pages11
JournalEcology Letters
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

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nutrient
biomass
nutrients
resource
primary productivity
plant communities
phosphorus
nitrogen
primary production
plant community
need

Keywords

  • Autotroph
  • Co-limitation
  • Meta-analysis
  • Multiple nutrient limitation
  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • Plant biomass
  • Plant community
  • Stoichiometry
  • Von Liebig

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Harpole, W. S., Ngai, J. T., Cleland, E. E., Seabloom, E. W., Borer, E. T., Bracken, M. E. S., ... Smith, J. E. (2011). Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities. Ecology Letters, 14(9), 852-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01651.x

Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities. / Harpole, W. Stanley; Ngai, Jacqueline T.; Cleland, Elsa E.; Seabloom, Eric W.; Borer, Elizabeth T.; Bracken, Matthew E S; Elser, James; Gruner, Daniel S.; Hillebrand, Helmut; Shurin, Jonathan B.; Smith, Jennifer E.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 14, No. 9, 09.2011, p. 852-862.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harpole, WS, Ngai, JT, Cleland, EE, Seabloom, EW, Borer, ET, Bracken, MES, Elser, J, Gruner, DS, Hillebrand, H, Shurin, JB & Smith, JE 2011, 'Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities', Ecology Letters, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 852-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01651.x
Harpole WS, Ngai JT, Cleland EE, Seabloom EW, Borer ET, Bracken MES et al. Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities. Ecology Letters. 2011 Sep;14(9):852-862. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01651.x
Harpole, W. Stanley ; Ngai, Jacqueline T. ; Cleland, Elsa E. ; Seabloom, Eric W. ; Borer, Elizabeth T. ; Bracken, Matthew E S ; Elser, James ; Gruner, Daniel S. ; Hillebrand, Helmut ; Shurin, Jonathan B. ; Smith, Jennifer E. / Nutrient co-limitation of primary producer communities. In: Ecology Letters. 2011 ; Vol. 14, No. 9. pp. 852-862.
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