Numerical Study of Inflationary Preheating with Arbitrary Power-law Potential and a Realization of Curvaton Mechanism

Jie Jiang, Qiuyue Liang, Yi Fu Cai, Damien Easson, Yang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During inflationary preheating, the energy stored in the inflaton field is rapidly converted into excitations of other entropy fields. This stage is characterized by exponential particle production due to parametric resonance and is notoriously difficult to analyze using analytic methods. We develop a detailed numerical simulation to investigate inflationary preheating when the potential of the inflaton is a power-law function with arbitrary power index. To achieve a successful graceful exit from a primordial inflationary phase to a smooth, oscillatory phase during preheating, we assume the inflaton potential reduces to a quadratic function in the infrared regime, which may be regarded as a mass term at low-energy scales. With this simplification, our numerical method may be applied to unconventional chaotic inflation models. To demonstrate its validity, we numerically analyze the preheating stage of axion-monodromy inflation, which is inspired by string theory. By performing perturbation analyses, our result shows that the power spectrum of primordial curvature perturbation can be dominated by fluctuations of entropy field rather than those of inflaton, which can be regarded as a particular realization of the curvaton mechanism through a preheating process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume876
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2019

Fingerprint

inflation
entropy
power law
perturbation
heating
numerical method
curvature
energy
simulation
particle production
simplification
string theory
power spectra
excitation
index
method
particle

Keywords

  • cosmological parameters
  • cosmology: theory
  • inflation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Numerical Study of Inflationary Preheating with Arbitrary Power-law Potential and a Realization of Curvaton Mechanism. / Jiang, Jie; Liang, Qiuyue; Cai, Yi Fu; Easson, Damien; Zhang, Yang.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 876, No. 2, 136, 10.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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