NSAIDs and cancer prevention: Targets downstream of COX-2

Yong I. Cha, Raymond N. DuBois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

230 Scopus citations

Abstract

Preclinical and clinical studies have clearly shown a benefit of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use in reducing cancer risk. However, the adverse gastrointestinal and cardiovascular side effects associated with NSAIDs and COX-2 selective inhibitors (coxibs) have provoked more scrutiny of the precise role of specific downstream mediators in the prostaglandin (PG) signaling cascade. NSAIDs and coxibs inhibit PG biosynthesis. One of the PGs produced at high levels in the tumor microenvironment is PGE2, which is thought to play a major role in cancer progression. Thus, a better understanding of PGE2 signaling could enable identification of novel and safer therapeutic targets downstream of the cyclooxygenase enzymes. We review the emerging molecular mechanisms by which COX-2-derived PGE2 is involved in cancer progression and delineate potential opportunities for development of novel pharmacologic approaches utilizing this pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-252
Number of pages14
JournalAnnual Review of Medicine
Volume58
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • EP receptor
  • mPGES
  • PDGH
  • PGE2
  • PGHS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Medicine(all)

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