Novel techniques for chemical characterization in marine systems

Elizabeth C. Minor, Hilairy Hartnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The ability to identify and characterize chemical species in marine and freshwater systems has seen a dramatic improvement in recent years with the advent of a variety of novel chemical techniques. This special volume of papers presented at the 2002 AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting highlights some of the latest advances in chemical characterization as they are being applied to marine and freshwater systems. These techniques include both new technologies and new applications incorporating analytical chemistry and mass spectrometry advances and new biomolecular and immunological methods. This issue presents current research using two-dimensional gas chromatography; applications for enzyme-linked bioassays and biomolecular reporters; mass-spectrometry with a variety of inlet and ionization processes (AP-ESI, MALDI, MIMS, and DT-MS); as well as the combination of more traditional chromatographic, and nuclear staining techniques with mass spectrometry detection. These advances in chemical characterization strive to address molecular-level questions including the composition and bioavailability of DOM; the identification of metal-ligand complexes and metal bioavailability; preservation and cycling of proteins, and the identification of biopolymers. The identification and quantification of organic and inorganic compounds is allowing new insight into the biological and chemical interactions that influence the rates and processes controlling chemical distributions; metal speciation and metal-organic interactions; surface chemistry; and the distribution of specific compounds in complex mixtures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-4
Number of pages2
JournalMarine Chemistry
Volume83
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mass spectrometry
Metals
2,5-Dimethoxy-4-Methylamphetamine
Inorganic compounds
Biopolymers
Bioassay
mass spectrometry
metal
Coordination Complexes
Surface chemistry
Complex Mixtures
Chemical analysis
Organic compounds
Gas chromatography
bioavailability
Ionization
Ligands
inorganic compound
Enzymes
ligand

Keywords

  • Chemical characterization
  • Marine systems
  • Novel techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Oceanography

Cite this

Novel techniques for chemical characterization in marine systems. / Minor, Elizabeth C.; Hartnett, Hilairy.

In: Marine Chemistry, Vol. 83, No. 1-2, 10.2003, p. 3-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9dfa689e7dbc440db902d228892edf5f,
title = "Novel techniques for chemical characterization in marine systems",
abstract = "The ability to identify and characterize chemical species in marine and freshwater systems has seen a dramatic improvement in recent years with the advent of a variety of novel chemical techniques. This special volume of papers presented at the 2002 AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting highlights some of the latest advances in chemical characterization as they are being applied to marine and freshwater systems. These techniques include both new technologies and new applications incorporating analytical chemistry and mass spectrometry advances and new biomolecular and immunological methods. This issue presents current research using two-dimensional gas chromatography; applications for enzyme-linked bioassays and biomolecular reporters; mass-spectrometry with a variety of inlet and ionization processes (AP-ESI, MALDI, MIMS, and DT-MS); as well as the combination of more traditional chromatographic, and nuclear staining techniques with mass spectrometry detection. These advances in chemical characterization strive to address molecular-level questions including the composition and bioavailability of DOM; the identification of metal-ligand complexes and metal bioavailability; preservation and cycling of proteins, and the identification of biopolymers. The identification and quantification of organic and inorganic compounds is allowing new insight into the biological and chemical interactions that influence the rates and processes controlling chemical distributions; metal speciation and metal-organic interactions; surface chemistry; and the distribution of specific compounds in complex mixtures.",
keywords = "Chemical characterization, Marine systems, Novel techniques",
author = "Minor, {Elizabeth C.} and Hilairy Hartnett",
year = "2003",
month = "10",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "83",
pages = "3--4",
journal = "Marine Chemistry",
issn = "0304-4203",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Novel techniques for chemical characterization in marine systems

AU - Minor, Elizabeth C.

AU - Hartnett, Hilairy

PY - 2003/10

Y1 - 2003/10

N2 - The ability to identify and characterize chemical species in marine and freshwater systems has seen a dramatic improvement in recent years with the advent of a variety of novel chemical techniques. This special volume of papers presented at the 2002 AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting highlights some of the latest advances in chemical characterization as they are being applied to marine and freshwater systems. These techniques include both new technologies and new applications incorporating analytical chemistry and mass spectrometry advances and new biomolecular and immunological methods. This issue presents current research using two-dimensional gas chromatography; applications for enzyme-linked bioassays and biomolecular reporters; mass-spectrometry with a variety of inlet and ionization processes (AP-ESI, MALDI, MIMS, and DT-MS); as well as the combination of more traditional chromatographic, and nuclear staining techniques with mass spectrometry detection. These advances in chemical characterization strive to address molecular-level questions including the composition and bioavailability of DOM; the identification of metal-ligand complexes and metal bioavailability; preservation and cycling of proteins, and the identification of biopolymers. The identification and quantification of organic and inorganic compounds is allowing new insight into the biological and chemical interactions that influence the rates and processes controlling chemical distributions; metal speciation and metal-organic interactions; surface chemistry; and the distribution of specific compounds in complex mixtures.

AB - The ability to identify and characterize chemical species in marine and freshwater systems has seen a dramatic improvement in recent years with the advent of a variety of novel chemical techniques. This special volume of papers presented at the 2002 AGU Ocean Sciences Meeting highlights some of the latest advances in chemical characterization as they are being applied to marine and freshwater systems. These techniques include both new technologies and new applications incorporating analytical chemistry and mass spectrometry advances and new biomolecular and immunological methods. This issue presents current research using two-dimensional gas chromatography; applications for enzyme-linked bioassays and biomolecular reporters; mass-spectrometry with a variety of inlet and ionization processes (AP-ESI, MALDI, MIMS, and DT-MS); as well as the combination of more traditional chromatographic, and nuclear staining techniques with mass spectrometry detection. These advances in chemical characterization strive to address molecular-level questions including the composition and bioavailability of DOM; the identification of metal-ligand complexes and metal bioavailability; preservation and cycling of proteins, and the identification of biopolymers. The identification and quantification of organic and inorganic compounds is allowing new insight into the biological and chemical interactions that influence the rates and processes controlling chemical distributions; metal speciation and metal-organic interactions; surface chemistry; and the distribution of specific compounds in complex mixtures.

KW - Chemical characterization

KW - Marine systems

KW - Novel techniques

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0345016284&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0345016284&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 83

SP - 3

EP - 4

JO - Marine Chemistry

JF - Marine Chemistry

SN - 0304-4203

IS - 1-2

ER -