Novel smacoviruses identified in the faeces of two wild felids: North American bobcat and African lion

Simona Kraberger, Laurel Serieys, Nicolas Fountain-Jones, Craig Packer, Seth Riley, Arvind Varsani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Smacoviruses are small circular single-stranded DNA viruses that appear to be prevalent in faeces of a range of animals and have also been found in a few insect species. In this study, we report the first viral genomes from faeces of free-roaming wild felids on two continents. Two smacoviruses were recovered from the faeces of two North American bobcats (Lynx rufus), and one was recovered from an African lion (Panthera leo). All three genomes are genetically different, sharing 59-69% genome-wide sequence identity to other smacoviruses. These are the first full smacovirus genome sequences associated with a large top-end feline predator, and their presence in these samples suggests that feline faeces are a natural niche for the organisms that these viruses infect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArchives of virology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Lynx
Lions
Feces
African Americans
Felidae
Genome
Circular DNA
DNA Viruses
Viral Genome
Single-Stranded DNA
Insects
Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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Novel smacoviruses identified in the faeces of two wild felids : North American bobcat and African lion. / Kraberger, Simona; Serieys, Laurel; Fountain-Jones, Nicolas; Packer, Craig; Riley, Seth; Varsani, Arvind.

In: Archives of virology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kraberger, Simona ; Serieys, Laurel ; Fountain-Jones, Nicolas ; Packer, Craig ; Riley, Seth ; Varsani, Arvind. / Novel smacoviruses identified in the faeces of two wild felids : North American bobcat and African lion. In: Archives of virology. 2019.
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