Nitrogen Deposition and Terrestrial Biodiversity

Christopher M. Clark, Yongfei Bai, William D. Bowman, Jane M. Cowles, Mark E. Fenn, Frank S. Gilliam, Gareth K. Phoenix, Ilyas Siddique, Carly J. Stevens, Harald U. Sverdrup, Heather Throop

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nitrogen deposition, along with habitat loss and climate change, constitute a major threat to Earth's biodiversity. Fossil fuel combustion and modern agriculture add more nitrogen to terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems than all natural processes combined. Because nitrogen often limits productivity, this enrichment it likely to have major ecological impacts. In terrestrial ecosystems, nitrogen deposition can lead to increased growth of often weedy species, cation depletion in the soil, nutrient imbalances in plant tissue, and soil acidification among other effects. These processes often reduce plant biodiversity and homogenize communities, which can propagate through food webs and impact entire ecosystems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages519-536
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Biodiversity
Ecosystem
Nitrogen
biodiversity
nitrogen
Ecosystems
Soil
Fossil Fuels
Soils
Aquatic ecosystems
soil acidification
Food Chain
Acidification
Climate Change
fossil fuels
Agriculture
combustion
habitat destruction
Fossil fuels
Climate change

Keywords

  • Acidification
  • Agriculture
  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation
  • Critical load
  • Eutrophication
  • Fertilizer
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Nitrogen
  • Nitrogen deposition
  • Plant
  • Terrestrial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Clark, C. M., Bai, Y., Bowman, W. D., Cowles, J. M., Fenn, M. E., Gilliam, F. S., ... Throop, H. (2013). Nitrogen Deposition and Terrestrial Biodiversity. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition (pp. 519-536). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00366-X

Nitrogen Deposition and Terrestrial Biodiversity. / Clark, Christopher M.; Bai, Yongfei; Bowman, William D.; Cowles, Jane M.; Fenn, Mark E.; Gilliam, Frank S.; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Siddique, Ilyas; Stevens, Carly J.; Sverdrup, Harald U.; Throop, Heather.

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2013. p. 519-536.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Clark, CM, Bai, Y, Bowman, WD, Cowles, JM, Fenn, ME, Gilliam, FS, Phoenix, GK, Siddique, I, Stevens, CJ, Sverdrup, HU & Throop, H 2013, Nitrogen Deposition and Terrestrial Biodiversity. in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 519-536. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00366-X
Clark CM, Bai Y, Bowman WD, Cowles JM, Fenn ME, Gilliam FS et al. Nitrogen Deposition and Terrestrial Biodiversity. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2013. p. 519-536 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384719-5.00366-X
Clark, Christopher M. ; Bai, Yongfei ; Bowman, William D. ; Cowles, Jane M. ; Fenn, Mark E. ; Gilliam, Frank S. ; Phoenix, Gareth K. ; Siddique, Ilyas ; Stevens, Carly J. ; Sverdrup, Harald U. ; Throop, Heather. / Nitrogen Deposition and Terrestrial Biodiversity. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2013. pp. 519-536
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