Nitride glasses obtained by high-pressure synthesis

T. Grande, J. R. Holloway, P. F. McMillan, Charles Angell

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Abstract

THE incorporation of nitrogen in oxide glasses can lead to improved physical properties such as hardness and refractive index1-4; one might accordingly expect to see a further improve-ment in glasses containing nitrogen as the only anion. But while there are now many examples of non-oxide glasses in the halide and chalcogenide families5-8, the formation of pure nitride glasses has not hitherto been demonstrated. Here we report the formation of glasses in the system Li3N-Ca3N 2-P3N5, by the rapid quenching of fused mixtures of the nitrides at high pressures. The use of high-pressure conditions prevents thermal decomposition of the nitride mixtures to gaseous nitrogen. The new nitride glasses are stable in air, have remarkably high refractive indices (1.97-2.0), hardness exceeding that of silica glass, and high glass transition tempera-tures (7g > 700°C).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-45
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume369
Issue number6475
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

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    Grande, T., Holloway, J. R., McMillan, P. F., & Angell, C. (1994). Nitride glasses obtained by high-pressure synthesis. Nature, 369(6475), 43-45. https://doi.org/10.1038/369043a0