New Displays and New Emotions: A Commentary on Rozin and Cohen (2003)

Dacher Keltner, Michelle N. Shiota

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

60 Scopus citations


In this article, the authors elaborate on 3 ideas advanced in P. Rozin and A. B. Cohen's (2003) innovative study of facial expression. Taking a cue from their discovery of new expressive behaviors (e.g., the narrowed eyebrows), the authors review recent studies showing that emotions are conveyed in more channels than usually studied, including posture, gaze patterns, voice, and touch. Building on their claim that confusion has a distinct display, the authors review evidence showing distinct displays for 3 self-conscious emotions (embarrassment, shame, and pride), 5 positive emotions (amusement, desire, happiness, love, interest), and sympathy and compassion. Finally, the authors offer a functional definition of emotion to integrate these findings on "new" displays and emotions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-91
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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