Neural control of hand muscles during prehension

Jamie A. Johnston, Sara A. Winges, Marco Santello

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the past two decades a large number of studies have successfully characterized important features of the kinetics and kinematics of object grasping and manipulation, providing significant insight into how the Central Nervous System (CNS) controls the hand, one of the most complex motor systems, in a variety of behaviors. In this chapter we briefly review studies of hand kinematics and kinetics and highlight their major findings and open questions. The major focus of this chapter is on the neural control of the hand, an objective that has been pursued by studies on electromyography (EMG) of hand muscles. Here we review what has been learned through different yet complementary methodological approaches. In particular, the study of single motor unit activity has revealed how the distribution of common neural input within and across hand muscles might reflect a muscle-pair specific organization. Studies of motor unit population have revealed important synergistic patterns of muscle activity while also revealing muscle-pair specific patterns of neural coupling. We conclude the chapter with the results of recent simulation studies aiming at combining advantages of single and multi-unit recordings to maximize the amount of information that can be extracted from EMG signal analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Pages577-596
Number of pages20
Volume629
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Volume629
ISSN (Print)00652598

Fingerprint

Muscle
Hand
Muscles
Electromyography
Biomechanical Phenomena
Kinematics
Kinetics
Signal analysis
Neurology
Motor Activity
Central Nervous System
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Johnston, J. A., Winges, S. A., & Santello, M. (2009). Neural control of hand muscles during prehension. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology (Vol. 629, pp. 577-596). (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 629). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_31

Neural control of hand muscles during prehension. / Johnston, Jamie A.; Winges, Sara A.; Santello, Marco.

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Vol. 629 2009. p. 577-596 (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology; Vol. 629).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Johnston, JA, Winges, SA & Santello, M 2009, Neural control of hand muscles during prehension. in Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. vol. 629, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 629, pp. 577-596. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_31
Johnston JA, Winges SA, Santello M. Neural control of hand muscles during prehension. In Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Vol. 629. 2009. p. 577-596. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_31
Johnston, Jamie A. ; Winges, Sara A. ; Santello, Marco. / Neural control of hand muscles during prehension. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Vol. 629 2009. pp. 577-596 (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).
@inbook{1e44a554d551429798dae147efda15fe,
title = "Neural control of hand muscles during prehension",
abstract = "In the past two decades a large number of studies have successfully characterized important features of the kinetics and kinematics of object grasping and manipulation, providing significant insight into how the Central Nervous System (CNS) controls the hand, one of the most complex motor systems, in a variety of behaviors. In this chapter we briefly review studies of hand kinematics and kinetics and highlight their major findings and open questions. The major focus of this chapter is on the neural control of the hand, an objective that has been pursued by studies on electromyography (EMG) of hand muscles. Here we review what has been learned through different yet complementary methodological approaches. In particular, the study of single motor unit activity has revealed how the distribution of common neural input within and across hand muscles might reflect a muscle-pair specific organization. Studies of motor unit population have revealed important synergistic patterns of muscle activity while also revealing muscle-pair specific patterns of neural coupling. We conclude the chapter with the results of recent simulation studies aiming at combining advantages of single and multi-unit recordings to maximize the amount of information that can be extracted from EMG signal analysis.",
author = "Johnston, {Jamie A.} and Winges, {Sara A.} and Marco Santello",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_31",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780387770635",
volume = "629",
series = "Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology",
pages = "577--596",
booktitle = "Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Neural control of hand muscles during prehension

AU - Johnston, Jamie A.

AU - Winges, Sara A.

AU - Santello, Marco

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - In the past two decades a large number of studies have successfully characterized important features of the kinetics and kinematics of object grasping and manipulation, providing significant insight into how the Central Nervous System (CNS) controls the hand, one of the most complex motor systems, in a variety of behaviors. In this chapter we briefly review studies of hand kinematics and kinetics and highlight their major findings and open questions. The major focus of this chapter is on the neural control of the hand, an objective that has been pursued by studies on electromyography (EMG) of hand muscles. Here we review what has been learned through different yet complementary methodological approaches. In particular, the study of single motor unit activity has revealed how the distribution of common neural input within and across hand muscles might reflect a muscle-pair specific organization. Studies of motor unit population have revealed important synergistic patterns of muscle activity while also revealing muscle-pair specific patterns of neural coupling. We conclude the chapter with the results of recent simulation studies aiming at combining advantages of single and multi-unit recordings to maximize the amount of information that can be extracted from EMG signal analysis.

AB - In the past two decades a large number of studies have successfully characterized important features of the kinetics and kinematics of object grasping and manipulation, providing significant insight into how the Central Nervous System (CNS) controls the hand, one of the most complex motor systems, in a variety of behaviors. In this chapter we briefly review studies of hand kinematics and kinetics and highlight their major findings and open questions. The major focus of this chapter is on the neural control of the hand, an objective that has been pursued by studies on electromyography (EMG) of hand muscles. Here we review what has been learned through different yet complementary methodological approaches. In particular, the study of single motor unit activity has revealed how the distribution of common neural input within and across hand muscles might reflect a muscle-pair specific organization. Studies of motor unit population have revealed important synergistic patterns of muscle activity while also revealing muscle-pair specific patterns of neural coupling. We conclude the chapter with the results of recent simulation studies aiming at combining advantages of single and multi-unit recordings to maximize the amount of information that can be extracted from EMG signal analysis.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=61949408473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=61949408473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_31

DO - 10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_31

M3 - Chapter

C2 - 19227522

AN - SCOPUS:61949408473

SN - 9780387770635

VL - 629

T3 - Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology

SP - 577

EP - 596

BT - Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology

ER -