Network analysis of intrasite material networks and ritual practice at Pueblo Bonito

Evan Giomi, Matthew Peeples

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The Chaco World, centered on the San Juan Basin of New Mexico, in the Southwestern U.S.A., was organized largely around ritual activities, including the use and deposition of a wide range of rare and unusual objects. The great houses of Chaco Canyon were foundational in the development of these ritual activities. Biographical or assemblage-oriented approaches are well suited to studying ritual behavior and have been successfully applied to understanding religious ritual at Chacoan great houses, especially the site of Pueblo Bonito. While formal network analyses (and traditional statistical analyses) are typically used to evaluate relationships between archaeological sites, we argue that network analysis also has great utility in expanding existing biographical approaches to Chacoan ritual. Applying network methods to a network of general artifact classes (like turquoise or pipes) from different room contexts within Pueblo Bonito helps to understand the co-associations of objects grouped together through common use or deposition, likely in the course of ritual activities. These co-associations help expand our knowledge of ritual behavior within Pueblo Bonito, indicating distinctions between architectural spaces based on specialized ritual practices. This analysis also has important implications for Chacoan social organization, supporting existing arguments for a Chacoan house society model.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)22-31
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Anthropological Archaeology
    Volume53
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

    Fingerprint

    Electric network analysis
    network analysis
    religious behavior
    Pipe
    Pueblo
    Network Analysis
    Ritual Practice
    artifact
    Mexico
    organization

    Keywords

    • Chaco Canyon
    • Classification
    • Pueblo Bonito
    • Religious ritual
    • Social network analysis
    • Southwestern U.S.A.

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Human Factors and Ergonomics
    • Archaeology
    • History
    • Archaeology

    Cite this

    Network analysis of intrasite material networks and ritual practice at Pueblo Bonito. / Giomi, Evan; Peeples, Matthew.

    In: Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Vol. 53, 01.03.2019, p. 22-31.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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