Neighborhood social capital and achieved mobility of older adults

Andrea L. Rosso, Loni P. Tabb, Anthony Grubesic, Jennifer A. Taylor, Yvonne L. Michael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Evaluate associations of neighborhood social capital and mobility of older adults. Method: A community-based survey (Philadelphia, 2010) assessed mobility (Life-Space Assessment [LSA]; range = 0-104) of older adults (n = 675, census tracts = 256). Social capital was assessed for all adults interviewed from 2002-2010 (n = 13,822, census tracts = 374). Generalized estimating equations adjusted for individual- and neighborhood-level characteristics estimated mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in mobility by social capital tertiles. Interactions by self-rated health, living arrangement, and race were tested. Results: Social capital was not associated with mobility after adjustment for other neighborhood characteristics (mean difference for highest versus lowest tertile social capital = 0.79, 95% CI = [-3.3, 4.8]). We observed no significant interactions. In models stratified by race, Black participants had higher mobility in high social capital neighborhoods (mean difference = 7.4, CI = [1.0, 13.7]). Discussion: Social capital may not contribute as much as other neighborhood characteristics to mobility. Interactions between neighborhood and individual-level characteristics should be considered in research on mobility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1319
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2014
Externally publishedYes

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social capital
confidence
Censuses
Confidence Intervals
census
interaction
Social Mobility
life situation
Social Capital
Health
health
Research
community

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Mobility
  • Neighborhoods
  • Social capital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology
  • Community and Home Care
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Neighborhood social capital and achieved mobility of older adults. / Rosso, Andrea L.; Tabb, Loni P.; Grubesic, Anthony; Taylor, Jennifer A.; Michael, Yvonne L.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 26, No. 8, 19.12.2014, p. 1301-1319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rosso, Andrea L. ; Tabb, Loni P. ; Grubesic, Anthony ; Taylor, Jennifer A. ; Michael, Yvonne L. / Neighborhood social capital and achieved mobility of older adults. In: Journal of Aging and Health. 2014 ; Vol. 26, No. 8. pp. 1301-1319.
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