Neighborhood social capital and achieved mobility of older adults

Andrea L. Rosso, Loni P. Tabb, Tony H. Grubesic, Jennifer A. Taylor, Yvonne L. Michael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Evaluate associations of neighborhood social capital and mobility of older adults. Method: A community-based survey (Philadelphia, 2010) assessed mobility (Life-Space Assessment [LSA]; range = 0-104) of older adults (n = 675, census tracts = 256). Social capital was assessed for all adults interviewed from 2002-2010 (n = 13,822, census tracts = 374). Generalized estimating equations adjusted for individual- and neighborhood-level characteristics estimated mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in mobility by social capital tertiles. Interactions by self-rated health, living arrangement, and race were tested. Results: Social capital was not associated with mobility after adjustment for other neighborhood characteristics (mean difference for highest versus lowest tertile social capital = 0.79, 95% CI = [-3.3, 4.8]). We observed no significant interactions. In models stratified by race, Black participants had higher mobility in high social capital neighborhoods (mean difference = 7.4, CI = [1.0, 13.7]). Discussion: Social capital may not contribute as much as other neighborhood characteristics to mobility. Interactions between neighborhood and individual-level characteristics should be considered in research on mobility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1319
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2014

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Mobility
  • Neighborhoods
  • Social capital

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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    Rosso, A. L., Tabb, L. P., Grubesic, T. H., Taylor, J. A., & Michael, Y. L. (2014). Neighborhood social capital and achieved mobility of older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 26(8), 1301-1319. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264314523447