Neighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countries

James F. Sallis, Heather R. Bowles, Adrian Bauman, Barbara Ainsworth, Fiona C. Bull, Cora L. Craig, Michael Sjöström, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Johan Lefevre, Victor Matsudo, Sandra Matsudo, Duncan J. Macfarlane, Luis Fernando Gomez, Shigeru Inoue, Norio Murase, Vida Volbekiene, Grant McLean, Harriette Carr, Lena Klasson Heggebo, Heidi Tomten & 1 others Patrick Bergman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

277 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Understanding environmental correlates of physical activity can inform policy changes. Surveys were conducted in 11 countries using the same self-report environmental variables and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, allowing analyses with pooled data. Methods: The participating countries were Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, China (Hong Kong), Japan, Lithuania, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the U.S., with a combined sample of 11,541 adults living in cities. Samples were reasonably representative, and seasons of data collection were comparable. Participants indicated whether seven environmental attributes were present in their neighborhood. Outcomes were measures of whether health-related guidelines for physical activity were met. Data were collected in 2002-2003 and analyzed in 2007. Logistic regression analyses evaluated associations of physical activity with environmental attributes, adjusted for age, gender, and clustering within country. Results: Five of seven environmental variables were significantly related to meeting physical activity guidelines, ranging from access to low-cost recreation facilities (OR=1.16) to sidewalks on most streets (OR=1.47). A graded association was observed, with the most activity-supportive neighborhoods having 100% higher rates of sufficient physical activity compared to those with no supportive attributes. Conclusions: Results suggest neighborhoods built to support physical activity have a strong potential to contribute to increased physical activity. Designing neighborhoods to support physical activity can now be defined as an international public health issue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)484-490
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

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Guidelines
Lithuania
Recreation
Colombia
Belgium
Hong Kong
Norway
New Zealand
Sweden
Self Report
Canada
Brazil
Cluster Analysis
China
Japan
Public Health
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Costs and Cost Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Sallis, J. F., Bowles, H. R., Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B., Bull, F. C., Craig, C. L., ... Bergman, P. (2009). Neighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countries. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36(6), 484-490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.031

Neighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countries. / Sallis, James F.; Bowles, Heather R.; Bauman, Adrian; Ainsworth, Barbara; Bull, Fiona C.; Craig, Cora L.; Sjöström, Michael; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Lefevre, Johan; Matsudo, Victor; Matsudo, Sandra; Macfarlane, Duncan J.; Gomez, Luis Fernando; Inoue, Shigeru; Murase, Norio; Volbekiene, Vida; McLean, Grant; Carr, Harriette; Heggebo, Lena Klasson; Tomten, Heidi; Bergman, Patrick.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 6, 06.2009, p. 484-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sallis, JF, Bowles, HR, Bauman, A, Ainsworth, B, Bull, FC, Craig, CL, Sjöström, M, De Bourdeaudhuij, I, Lefevre, J, Matsudo, V, Matsudo, S, Macfarlane, DJ, Gomez, LF, Inoue, S, Murase, N, Volbekiene, V, McLean, G, Carr, H, Heggebo, LK, Tomten, H & Bergman, P 2009, 'Neighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countries', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 484-490. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.031
Sallis, James F. ; Bowles, Heather R. ; Bauman, Adrian ; Ainsworth, Barbara ; Bull, Fiona C. ; Craig, Cora L. ; Sjöström, Michael ; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse ; Lefevre, Johan ; Matsudo, Victor ; Matsudo, Sandra ; Macfarlane, Duncan J. ; Gomez, Luis Fernando ; Inoue, Shigeru ; Murase, Norio ; Volbekiene, Vida ; McLean, Grant ; Carr, Harriette ; Heggebo, Lena Klasson ; Tomten, Heidi ; Bergman, Patrick. / Neighborhood Environments and Physical Activity Among Adults in 11 Countries. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 36, No. 6. pp. 484-490.
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