Neighborhood environment profiles for physical activity among older adults

Marc A. Adams, James F. Sallis, Terry L. Conway, Lawrence D. Frank, Brian E. Saelens, Jacqueline Kerr, Kelli L. Cain, Abby C. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To explore among older adults whether multivariate neighborhood profiles were associated with physical activity (PA) and BMI. Methods: Adults (66-97 years) were recruited from Baltimore- Washington, DC (n=360), and Seattle- King County, Washington (n=368), regions. Latent profile analyses were conducted using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale. ANCOVA models tested for criterion validity of profiles by examining relationships to PA and BMI. Results: Neighborhood profiles differed significantly by as much as 10 minutes/day for moderate-to-vigorous PA, 1.1 hours/week for walking for errands, and almost 50 minutes/week for leisure PA. Conclusions: Environmental variables resulted in meaningful neighborhood patterns that explained large differences in seniors' health outcomes. Copyright (c) PNG Publications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)757-769
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican journal of health behavior
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Built environment
  • Exercise
  • Finite mixture modeling
  • Obesity
  • Policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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  • Cite this

    Adams, M. A., Sallis, J. F., Conway, T. L., Frank, L. D., Saelens, B. E., Kerr, J., Cain, K. L., & King, A. C. (2012). Neighborhood environment profiles for physical activity among older adults. American journal of health behavior, 36(6), 757-769. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.6.4