Nature inspired flow field designs for proton exchange membrane fuel cell

A. Arvay, J. French, J. C. Wang, Xihong Peng, Arunachala Mada Kannan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nature inspired flow field designs for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are a relatively recent development in the technology evolution. These novel designs have the potential to show dramatic performance improvements by effective distribution of reactant gases without water flooding. Optimization of a flow field requires balancing gas distribution, water management, electron transport, pressure drop and manufacturing simplicity. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation studies are a useful tool for evaluating nature inspired flow field designs; however, the predictions should be used with caution until validated by an experimental study. Nature inspired flow field designs can be generated using formal mathematical algorithms or by making heuristic modifications to existing natural structures. This paper reviews the current state of nature inspired PEMFC flow field designs and discusses the challenges in evaluating these designs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3717-3726
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume38
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Gas transport
  • Nature inspired flow fields
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell
  • Water transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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