The mechanism of the electrochemical reaction of Zn with Li was investigated by ex situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis combined with a differential capacity plot of the Zn electrode at a low current of 10 mA g -1. The pure Zn electrode showed a high reactivity with Li, with first discharge and charge capacities of 574 and 351 mA h g -1, respectively. In addition, Zn-C and Zn-Al 2O 3-C composites prepared by simple high-energy mechanical milling were evaluated for use as anode materials in rechargeable Li-ion batteries. The Zn-C nanocomposite was composed of nanosized Zn in an amorphous C matrix, while the Zn-Al 2O 3-C nanocomposite (obtained by the mechanochemical reduction of ZnO and Al) was composed of nanocrystalline Zn and amorphous Al 2O 3 in the amorphous C matrix. Electrochemical tests showed that the Zn-Al 2O 3-C nanocomposite electrode exhibited a high volumetric capacity of more than 1800 mA h cm -3 over 100 cycles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry